Toki Pona

the language of good - the simple way of life

Author:

B. J. Knight (jan Pije), USA [8]

LATEX, Translation, Addition:

Robert Warnke (jan Lope), Germany [14]

These lessons are based on the lessons of jan Pije and

the offical Toki Pona book of Sonja Lang [11]

February 26, 2017


Contents

Lessons

Introduction

Sonja Lang created the language Toki Pona in the year 2001. Her aim was the minimalism. Toki Pona consists of only about 120 words, which are not altered. In accordance with the position in the sentence, the words can vary their significance. To describe more details you have to combine the words.

It is not the goal of Toki Pona to describe complex issues. Dissertations and scientific papers will never written in Toki Pona. Lawyers, bureaucrats, theologians and politicians are be warned of the side-effect of this language.

It is not he aim of Toki Pona to solve the communication problems in the world. But you can learn this language in a month. Toki Pona is easy in an intelligent way and yoga for the brain. People who hate nested subordinate clauses and commas will certainly have fun with Toki Pona.

Toki Pona has evolved since 2001. There are also slangs, which hinder the understanding. Therefore these lessons are based on the official Toki Pona book [11] by Sonja Lang (2014) and the updated tutorials from BJ Knight (jan Pije) [8].

So have fun with the lessons and learning of Toki Pona. For learning vocabulary helps Memrise [12]. Related Links Toki Pona can be found on the website[14].

toki pona li pona tawa sina.

Pronunciation and the Alphabet

There are fourteen letters in the Toki Pona alphabet.

Consonants (9)

Except for j, all the consonants are pronounced like any person who speaks a European language would expect them to be. As you might have noticed, j in Toki Pona isn't pronounced like the English j. Instead, it's always pronounced just like the letter y in English.

letter   pronounced as in
k   kill
l   let
m   met
n   net
p   pit
s   sink
t   too
w   wet
j   yet
   

Vowels (5)

Toki Pona's vowels are quite unlike English's. Whereas vowels in English are quite arbitrary and can be pronounced tons of different ways depending on the word, Toki Pona's vowels are all regular and never change pronunciation. If you're familiar with Italian, Spanish, Esperanto, or certain other languages, then your work is already cut out for you. The vowels are the same in Toki Pona as they are in these languages.

letter   pronounced as in
a   father
e   met
i   peel
o   more
u   food
   

The More Advanced Stuff

All official Toki Pona words are never capitalized. They are lowercase even at the beginning of the sentence! The only time that capital letters are used is when you are using unofficial words, like the names of people or places or religions.

Special Characters

These special characters are used in Toki Pona: . ! ? , : "

Basic Sentences

Vocabulary

mi   I, we, me, our
sina   you, your
jan   somebody, anybody, person
li   separates a 3rd person subject
    from its verb
pona   good, simple, to fix, to repair
moku   food, eat, drink
suno   sun, light, to shine
telo   water, liquid
suli   big, tall, long, important

The Ambiguity of Toki Pona

Do you see how several of the words in the vocabulary have multiple meanings? For example, suli can mean either "long" or "tall" or "big" or "important". By now, you might be wondering, "What's going on? How can one word mean so many different things?" Welcome to the world of Toki Pona! The truth is that lots of words are like this in Toki Pona. Because the language has such a small vocabulary and is so basic, the ambiguity is inevitable. However, this vagueness is not necessarily a bad thing. Because of the vagueness, a speaker of Toki Pona is forced to focus on the very basic, unaltered aspect of things, rather than focusing on many minute details.

Another way that Toki Pona is ambiguous is that it can not specify whether a word is singular or plural. For example, jan can mean either "person" or "people". If you've decided that Toki Pona is too arbitrary and that not having plurals is simply the final straw, don't be so hasty. Toki Pona is not the only language that doesn't specify whether a noun is plural or not. Japanese, for example, does the same thing.

Toki Pona has no Tenses. The verbs don't change. If it's absolutely necessary, there are ways of saying that something happened in the past, present, or future.

Sentences with mi or sina as the subject

Simply state mi or sina, then complete the sentence with a verb. These are the absolute simplest type of sentences in Toki Pona. A declarative sentence ends with a full stop. Toki Pona has no nested subordinate clauses and nearly no commas.

mi moku.   I eat.
sina pona.   You fix.

The Lack of the verb "to be"

One of the first principles you'll need to learn about Toki Pona is that there is no form of the verb "to be" like there is in English. That is why after a mi or sina can follow a noun or an adjective also. For clarification the missing verb "to be" is here marked with an apostrophe.

mi moku.   I eat.
mi ' moku.   I am food.
sina pona.   You fix.
sina ' pona.   You are good.
   

Because Toki Pona lacks "to be", the exact meaning is lost. moku in this sentence could be a verb, or it could be a noun; just as pona could be an adjective or could be a verb. In situations such as these, the listener must rely on context. After all, how often do you hear someone say "I am food"? I hope not very often! You can be fairly certain that mi moku means "I'm eating".

Sentences without mi or sina as the subject

For sentences that don't use mi or sina as the subject, there is one small catch that you'll have to learn. Look at how li is used. li is a grammatical word that separates the subject from its verb. It's only used when the subject is not mi or sina. Although li might seem worthless right now, as you continue to learn Toki Pona you will see that some sentences could be very confusing if li weren't there.

telo li pona.   Water is cleaning.
suno li suno.   The sun is shining.
moku li ' pona.   The food is good.
   

Because of the lacks of "to be", after li can not only be a verb, it can follow a noun or an adjective as well. The missing verb "to be" is here marked with an apostrophe.

Practice 3 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

People are good.    
I'm eating.    
You're tall.    
Water is simple.    
The lake is big.    
   
suno li suli.    
mi suli.    
jan li moku.    
   

Direct Objects, Compound Sentences

Vocabulary

ona   he, she, it
kili   fruit, vegetable
e   introduces direct object
wile   to want, to need, to have to, desire
ilo   tool, device, machine
ijo   something, anything, stuff, thing
ni   this, that
pipi   bug, insect, spider
ma   land, country, region, outside area
jo   to have, ownership, possession
lukin   to see, to look at, vision, sight
pakala   mess up, destroy, accident
unpa   have sex with, sex, sexual

Direct objects using e

We saw how phrases such as mi moku could have two potential meanings. "I'm eating" or "I am food". There is one way to specify that you want to say.

mi moku e kili.   I eat fruit.

Whatever is getting action done on itself is the "direct object," and in Toki Pona, we separate the verb and the direct object with e.

ona li lukin e pipi.   He's watching the bug.

Also we discussed how sina pona, like mi moku, has two possible meanings. "You are good" or "You're fixing". Normally, it would mean "You are good" simply because no one really says "I'm fixing" without actually telling what it is that they are trying to fix.

ona li pona e ilo.   She's fixing the machine.
mi pona e ijo.   I'm fixing something.

Direct objects using e with wile

If you need to say that you want to do something, follow this example.

mi wile lukin e ma.   I want to see the countryside.
mi wile pakala e sina.   I must destroy you.
ona li wile jo e ilo.   He would like to have a tool.

As you can see, e doesn't come until after the infinitive in these two sentences, rather than before it.

Compound sentences

multiple li technique

There are two ways to make compound sentences in Toki Pona; one way involves using li, and the other way involves using e. Since you've now studied both of these words, we'll cover how to use both of them to make compound sentences.

pipi li lukin li unpa.   The bug looks and has sex.

By putting li before each verb, you can show how the subject, which is pipi in this case, does more than one thing.

mi moku li pakala.   I eat and destroy.

While li is still omitted before moku because the subject of the sentence is mi, we still use it before the second verb, pakala. Without the li there, the sentence would be chaotic and confusing. Compound sentences with sina follow this same pattern. li phrases are not nested. You can change the order.
ona li moku li pona. = ona li pona li moku.

multiple e technique

The other type of compound sentence is used when there are several direct objects of the same verb.

mi moku e kili e telo.   I eat/drink fruit and water.

e is used multiple times because kili and telo are both direct objects, and so e must precede them both.

mi wile lukin e ma e suno.   I want to see the land and the sun.
e phrases are not nested. You can change the order.
mi moku e moku e telo. = mi moku e telo e moku.

Practice 4 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

I have a tool.    
She's eating fruit.    
Something is watching me.    
He wants to squish the spider.    
Pineapple is a food and is good.    
The bug is thirsty.    
   
mi lukin e ni.    
mi wile unpa e ona.    
jan li wile jo e ma.    
mi jan li suli.    
   

Adjectives and Adverbs

Vocabulary

ike   bad, evil, complicated
jaki   dirty, nasty, trash
lawa   main, leading, head; to lead
len   clothing, clothe
lili   little
mute   many, a lot
nasa   crazy, stupid, silly, weird, drunk, strange
seli   warm, hot, to burn
sewi   high, superior, sky
tomo   house, building, construction
utala   war, battle, to fight

Adjectives

Toki Pona has a very minimal vocabulary. Many words do not exist in this language. Therfore, we often have to combine various words together. For example, there is no word that means "friend".

jan pona   friend (good person)

As you can see the adjective (which was pona in the above example) goes after the main noun. This will undoubtedly seem incredibly awkward to you if you only speak English. However, many languages do this.

jan pakala   an injured person, victim, etc.
ilo moku   an eating utensil (fork/spoon/knife)

You can add until three adjective to a noun. One adjective should not be used more than once.

jan utala   soldier
jan utala nasa   stupid soldier
jan utala nasa mute   many stupid soldiers
jan utala nasa ni   this stupid soldier

As you might have noticed, ni and mute as adjectives come at the end of the phrase. The reason for this is that the phrases build as you go along, so the adjectives must be put into an organized, logical order. Notice the differences in these two phrases.

jan utala nasa   stupid soldier
jan nasa utala   fighting fool

Here are some handy adjective combinations using words that you've already learned and that are fairly common.

ike lukin   ugly
pona lukin   pretty, attractive
jan ni li pona lukin   That person is pretty.
jan ike   enemy
jan lawa   leader
jan lili   child
jan sewi   saint, God, Flying Spaghetti Monster
jan suli   adult
jan unpa   lover, prostitute
ma telo   mud, swamp
ma tomo   city, town
mi mute   we, us
ona mute   they, them
telo nasa   alcohol, beer, wine
tomo telo   restroom
ilo suno   flashlight

Possessives

You use pronouns (my, your, his, hers, its,) like any other adjective. If there are several adjectives the pronoun stands at the end.

tomo pona mi   my nice house
ma sina   your country
telo ona   his/her/its water

Other words are treated the same way.

len jan   somebody's clothes
seli suno   the sun's heat

Adverbs

The adverb simply follows the verb that it modifies. You can add until three adverb to a verb. One adverb should not be used more than once.

mi lawa pona e jan.   I lead people well.
mi utala ike.   I fight badly.
sina lukin sewi e suno.   You look up at the sun.
ona li wile mute e ni.   He wants that a lot.
mi mute li lukin lili e ona.   We barely saw it.

Practice 5 (Answers: Page [*])

Firstly, see how well you can read the following poem.

mi jo e kili.    
ona li pona li lili.    
mi moku lili e kili lili.    
   

Try translating these sentences.

The leader drank dirty water.    
I need a fork.    
An enemy is attacking them.    
That bad person has strange clothes.    
We drank a lot of vodka.    
Children watch adults.    
   
mi lukin sewi e tomo suli.    
seli suno li seli e tomo mi.    
jan lili li wile e telo kili.    
ona mute li nasa e jan suli. *    
   

* Notice how even though nasa is typically an adjective, it is used as a verb here.


Prepositions, Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Vocabulary

lon   to be in/at/on, to exist; in, at, on
kepeken   to use, with, using
tawa   to go to, to move, to, for
kama   to come, to happen, to cause
kiwen   stone, rock, hard like a rock
kon   air, atmosphere, spirit, wind
pana   to give, to send, to release, to emit
poki   container, bowl, glass, cup, box, etc.
toki   language, to talk, to speak

Prepositions

A preposition describes a relationship between other words in a sentence and usually stand in front of nouns. In Toki Pona prepositions start a prepositional object. A prepositional object stands at the end of a sentence. It is recommended that you put a comma before a preposition.

Transitive Verbs vs. Intransitive Verbs

In the sentence "I'm going to my house," the speaker simply went home. He did not do anything to his house. "go" is an intransitive verb here. In the sentence "I'm building a house." is an object (house) and "build" is an transitive verb. In Toki Pona an e follow a transitive verb.

lon

mi lon tomo.   I'm in the house.
mi moku, lon tomo.   I eat in the house.

In the first example, lon is used as an intransitive verb; in the second, it is used as a preposition. lon can be used as both a verb and a preposition.

suno li lon sewi.   The sun is in the sky.
mi telo e mi, lon tomo telo.   I bathe myself in the restroom.
kili li lon poki.   The fruit is in the basket.

Using lon with wile

Because lon can be used as either a preposition or a intrantitive verb, the meaning of the sentence can be a bit confusing when used with wile.

mi wile lon tomo.   I want to be at home. / I want in a house.

The sentence has two possible translations. The first translation states that the speaker wishes he were at home. The second translation states that the speaker wants to do something in a house. It's best to split this sentence up by a colon.

mi wile e ni: mi lon tomo.   I want this: I'm at home.

Toki Pona often uses this e ni: trick. Before and after the colon has to be complete sentences. Toki Pona has no nested subordinate clauses.

sina toki e ni tawa mi: sina moku.   You told me that you are eating.

kepeken

Using kepeken as an intransitive verb

Don't use an e after kepeken.

mi kepeken ilo.   I'm using tools.
sina wile kepeken ilo.   You have to use tools.
mi kepeken poki ni.   I'm using that cup.

Using kepeken as a preposition

mi moku, kepeken ilo moku.   I eat using a fork/spoon/
    any type of eating utensil.
mi lukin, kepeken ilo suno.   I look using a flashlight.

tawa

Using tawa as a intransitive verb


Like lon, tawa as a intransitive verb doesn't have an e after it.

mi tawa tomo mi.   I'm going to my house.
ona mute li tawa utala   They're going to the war.
sina wile tawa telo suli.   You want to go to the ocean.
ona li tawa sewi kiwen.   She's going up the rock.

tawa as a transitive verb

Do you remember how I said tawa doesn't have an e after it because nothing is being done to an object? Well, that's true, but tawa can have objects, like this.

mi tawa e kiwen.   I'm moving the rock.
ona li tawa e len mi.   She moved my clothes.

tawa can be used as an action verb in these situations because there is an object. Something has done an action on something else; that was not the case with tawa in other example sentences.

Using tawa to mean "to"

As I said a moment ago, tawa is often used as a preposition.

mi toki, tawa sina.   I talk to you.
ona li lawa e jan, tawa ma pona.   He led people to the good land.
ona li kama, tawa ma mi.   He's coming to my country.

In Toki Pona, to say that you (don't) like something, we have pattern, and the pattern uses tawa as a preposition.

ni li pona, tawa mi.   That is good to me. / I like that.
ni li ike, tawa mi   That is bad to me. / I don't like that.

kili li pona, tawa mi.   I like fruit.
toki li pona, tawa mi.   I like talking. / I like languages.
utala li ike, tawa mi.   I don't like wars.
telo suli li ike, tawa mi.   I don't like the ocean.

Keep in mind that e can only come after the verb of the sentence. Toki Pona does not use clauses. So for example, if you wanted to say "I like watching the countryside," it's best to split this into two sentences.

mi lukin e ma. ni li pona, tawa mi.   I'm watching the countryside. This is good to me.

Of course, you could choose to say this same sentence using other techniques.

ma li pona lukin.   The countryside is good to look at.

Using tawa to mean "for"

Okay, so tawa essentially means "to go" to or simply "to", right? Not exactly. It can also mean "for", as in this sentence.

mi pona e tomo, tawa jan pakala.   I fixed the house for the disabled man.

Unfortunately, the trick of letting tawa mean both "to" and "for" isn't without its drawbacks. Keep reading to see why.

Using tawa as an adjective

tawa is used as an adjective to make the phrase we use for "car", "boat" or "airplane".

tomo tawa   car (moving construction)
tomo tawa telo   boat, ship
tomo tawa kon   airplane, helicopter

Ambiguity of tawa

I want you to think about the following sentence for a few moments before continuing on. See if you can think of different meanings that it might have.

mi pana e tomo tawa sina.   ?
   

If tawa is used as an adjective, then this sentence says "I gave your car." If it is used as a preposition, though, it could mean, "I gave the house to you." You can put a comma before tawa. Better is to write it in a different way.

mi jo e tomo tawa sina. mi pana e ni tawa sina.   I have your car. I give it to you.
ni li tomo. mi pana e ni tawa sina.   This is a house. I give it to you.

kama

kama as a intransitive verb

We've already briefly touched on this word, but it is quite common, and so we need to look at it a little more closely. First, it's used with tawa, like this.

ona li kama tawa tomo mi.   He came to my house.


kama as a transitive verb

It can also be used as an action verb. It means "to cause" or "to bring about".

mi kama e pakala.   I caused an accident.
sina kama e ni: mi wile moku.   You caused this: I want to eat.
    You made me hungry.

kama as Auxiliary Verb

It can also be used as auxiliary verb. One of the most common infinitives that it is used with is jo, so we'll just cover it for now.

kama jo   get
mi kama jo e telo.   I got the water.

Practice 6 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

I fixed the flashlight using a small tool.    
I like Toki Pona.    
We gave them food. *    
This is for my friend.    
The tools are in the container.    
That bottle is in the dirt.    
I want to go to his house using my car.    
They are arguing.    
   
sina wile kama tawa tomo toki.    
jan li toki kepeken toki pona lon tomo toki.    
mi tawa tomo toki. ona li pona tawa mi.    
sina kama jo e jan pona lon ni. **    
   

* If you got that one wrong, think of the sentence like this: "We gave food to them." It means the same thing.
** lon ni means either "here" or "there". Can you figure out what it literally means?


Other Prepositions and Spatial Nouns

Vocabulary

sama   same, similar
tan   reason, cause; because of, from
sona   to know, to know how to; wisdom
anpa   ground; low, deep; to lower, to defeat
insa   inside, stomach
monsi   rear, back, behind
poka   side, hip, nearby
sewi   high, above, roof, top, sky

sama

jan ni li sama mi.   That person is like me.
ona li lukin sama pipi.   He looks like a bug.
sama li ike.   Equality is bad.

tan

tan as a preposition

mi moku, tan ni: mi wile moku.   I eat because I'm hungry.

tan as a noun

mi sona e tan.   I know the reason. / I know why.

When used as a noun, tan means cause or reason. That can be helpful when you want to translate a sentence such as "I don't know why". However, you have to rephrase that sentence a little.

poka

poka is rather unique in that it can act both as a noun/adjective and also as a preposition.

poka as a noun/adjective
This use is the same as you saw earlier in anpa, insa, monsi, and sewi.

jan poka   neighbor, someone who is beside you
poka telo   water side, the beach

poka as a preposition

mi moku poka jan pona mi.   I ate beside my friend.

The Spatial Nouns anpa, insa, monsi and sewi

nouns
Although you might be tempted to use these words as prepositions, but they are not.

ona li lon sewi mi.   He is in my above, i.e. he is above me.
pipi li lon anpa mi.   The bug is underneath me.
moku li lon insa mi.   Food is inside me.
mi moku lon poka sina.   I'm eating beside [or with] you.

So you see, these words as used here are nouns, and mi is a possessive pronoun meaning "my". And since these words are merely nouns, you must still have a verb; in the above examples, lon is acting as the verb. Don't forget to include a verb!

Since these words aren't prepositions, they are free for other uses, just like any other noun/adjective/verb.

monsi as a body part
monsi   back, butt

anpa as a verb
mi anpa e jan utala.   I defeated the warrior.

Practice 7 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

My friend is beside me.    
The sun is above me.    
The land is beneath me.    
Bad things are behind me.    
I'm okay because I'm alive. *    
I look at the land with my friend.    
People look like ants.    
   
poka mi li pakala.    
mi kepeken poki li kepeken ilo moku.    
jan li lon insa tomo.    
   

* lon as a verb by itself means to exist, to be real, etc.

Negation, Yes/No Questions

Vocabulary

ala   not, none; nothing, negation
ali   everything, all
ken   can, to be able to; possibility
lape   to sleep; sleep
musi   to have fun, to amuse; game, fun
pali   to do, to make, to work; activity, work
wawa   strong, intense; energy, power

Negation

ala as an adverb

In English, you make a verb negative by adding "not" in front of the verb. Toki Pona puts its negative word, ala, after the verb.

mi lape ala.   I'm not sleeping.
mi musi ala.   I'm not having fun. / I'm bored.
mi wawa ala.   I'm not strong. / I'm weak.
mi wile ala tawa musi.   I don't want to dance.
tawa musi   dance (move entertainingly)
mi wile ala pali.   I'm lazy.

ala as an adjective

jan ala li toki.   Nobody is talking.

There's nothing wrong with putting ala after the verb (which is toki in this sentence), and in fact that's the more common way of doing it. However, you do have the option of using ala after nouns, and so I just wanted to point that out.

However, if you do that, try to remember not use ala with ijo. If not behind a verb, ala already essentially means nothing by default, and so using ijo just doesn't fit in.

ala li jaki.   Nothing is dirty.

ali

However, despite the differences in meaning, ala and ali as adjectives are used the same way.

jan ali li wile tawa.   Everybody wants to travel.
ma ali li pona.   All nations are good.
jan utala ali li nasa.   All soldiers are stupid.

Also like ala, it's best not to use ijo and ali together. By the way, ali li pona is one of the Toki Pona proverbs, if you didn't know that.

Yes/No Questions

To make yes/no questions, you say the verb, then ala, then repeat the verb. An questions always ends in a question mark.

sina pona ala pona?   Do you fix (something)?
sina ken ala ken lape?   Can you sleep?
ona li lon ala lon tomo?   Is he in the house?
ona li tawa ala tawa ma ike?   Did he go to the evil land?
sina pana ala pana e moku tawa jan lili?   Did you give food to the child?
pipi li moku ala moku e kili?   Are the bugs eating the fruit?

Toki Pona has no form of the verb 'to be'. Some Yes/No question are not possible with ala. Example: 'Is she a parent?'

ona li mama ala mama?   Does she mother (somebody)? Does she wet-nurse (somebody)?

Answering

If you want to say "yes", you simply repeat the verb of the sentence. If you want to say "no", you repeat the verb and add ala after it.

sina wile ala wile moku?   Do you want to eat?
wile   Yes
wile ala   No
     
sina lukin ala lukin e kiwen?   Do you see the rock?
lukin   Yes
lukin ala   No
     
sina sona ala sona e toki mi?   Do you understand what I'm saying?
sona   Yes
sona ala   No

Practice 8 (Answers: Page [*])

You have to tell me why. *    
Is a bug beside me?    
Do you like me?    
I can't sleep.    
I don't want to talk to you.    
He didn't go to the lake.    
   
sina wile ala wile pali? wile ala.    
jan utala li seli ala seli e tomo?    
jan lili li ken ala moku e telo nasa.    
sina kepeken ala kepeken ni?    
sina ken ala ken kama?    
   

* Think: "You have to tell the reason to me."

Gender,Unofficial Words,Addressing People,
Interjections, Commands

Vocabulary

a   ahh, ha!, umm, hmm, ooh
awen   to wait, to pause, to stay; remaining
mama   parent
meli   woman, wife, girlfriend, female
mije   man, husband, boyfriend, male
mu   woof, meow, moo, any animal sound
nimi   name, word
o   used for vocative and imperative
pona   yay!, cool, good
toki   language; hey!

Gender

Toki Pona doesn't have any grammatical gender like in most Western languages. However, some words in Toki Pona (such as mama) don't tell you which gender a person is, and so we use mije and meli to distinguish.

mama   a parent in general (mother or father)
mama meli   mother
mama mije   father

Unofficial words

Take a moment to look over the Toki Pona dictionary in the Appendix (Page [*]). There are no words for the names of nations; there are also aren't any words for religions or even other languages. The reason that these words aren't in the dictionary is because they are "unofficial". Before using an unofficial word, we often adapt the word to fit into Toki Pona's phonetic rules. So, for example, America becomes Mewika, Canada becomes Kanata, and so on. Now the thing about these unofficial words is that they can never be used by themselves. They are always treated like adjectives, and so they have to be used with a noun.

ma Kanata li pona.   Canada is good.
ma Italija li pona lukin.   Italy is beautiful.
mi wile tawa ma Tosi.   I want to go to Germany.

Do you remember that ma tomo means "city"?

ma tomo Lantan li suli.   London is big.
ma tomo Pelin   Berlin
ma tomo Alenta   Atlanta
ma tomo Loma   Rome
mi kama tan ma tomo Pelin.   I'm from Berlin.

If you want to talk about a language, you simply use toki and then attach the unofficial word onto it.

toki Inli li pona.   The English language is good.
ma Inli li pona.   England is good.
toki Kanse   French language
toki Epelanto   Esperanto

If you want to talk about a person who is from a certain place, you just say jan and then attach the unofficial word at the end, like this.

jan Kanata   Canadian person
jan Mesiko   Mexican person

Of course, you can use other nouns to describe certain people, too. For example, you can use the mije and meli that you learned a few minutes ago.

meli Italija   Italian woman
mije Epanja   Spanish man

Now suppose you want to talk about someone using their name. For example, what if you want to say "Lisa is cool"? To say a person's name in Toki Pona, you just say jan and then the person's name.

jan Lisa li pona.   Lisa is cool.

Like for the names of countries, we often adapt a person's name to fit into Toki Pona's phonetic rules. Keep in mind that no one is going to pressure you to adopt a tokiponized name; it's just for fun.

jan Pentan li pana e sona tawa mi.   Brandon teaches to me.
jan Mewi li toki tawa mi.   Mary's talking to me.
jan Nesan li musi.   Nathan is funny.
jan Eta li jan unpa.   Heather is a whore.
pana e sona   to teach (give knowledge)

This is the way to say your name.

mi jan Pepe.   I am Pepe.

Nobody is forcing you to use a name in Toki Pona style. This is pure fun. If you use the original spelling, please put it in quotation marks.

Addressing People

Sometimes you need to get a person's attention before you can talk to him. When you want to address someone like that before saying the sentence, you just follow this same pattern. jan (name) o (sentence).

jan Ken o, pipi li lon len sina.   Ken, a bug is on your shirt.
jan Keli o, sina pona lukin.   Kelly, you are pretty.
jan Mawen o, sina wile ala wile moku?   Marvin, are you hungry?
jan Tepani o, sina ike tawa mi.   Steffany, I don't like you.

Although it's not essential, you should try to remember to put the comma after the o.

Commands

You simply say o and then whatever you want the person to do. An imperative sentence (command) ends with an exclamation mark.

o pali!   Work!
o awen!   Wait!
o lukin e ni!   Watch this!
o tawa ma tomo poka jan pona sina!   Go to the city with your friend!

We've learned how to address people and how to make commands; now let's put these two concepts together. Suppose you want to address someone and tell them to do something. Notice how one of the o's got dropped, as did the comma.

jan San o, ...   John, ...
... o tawa tomo sina!   ... go to your house!
jan San o tawa tomo sina!   John, go to your house!
     
jan Ta o toki ala tawa mi!   Todd, don't talk to me!
jan Sesi o moku e kili ni!   Jessie, eat this fruit!.

The o replaces the li. After mi and sina it is also used.

sina o telo e sina!   Wash yourself!

This structure can also be used to make sentences like "Let's go".

mi mute o tawa!   Let's go.
mi mute o musi!   Let's have fun.

Interjections

An interjection sentence makes also conveys excitement and ends with an exclamation mark. I'm going to split the interjections into two groups so that they're easier to explain. The first group is very straight-forward.

jan Lisa o, toki!   Hello Lisa!
pona!   Yay! Good! Hoorah!
ike!   Oh no! Uh! oh! Alas!
pakala!   F-ck! D-mn!
mu!   Meow! Woof! Grrr! Moo! (sounds made by animals)
a!   Ooh, Ahh! Unh! Oh!
a a a!   Hahaha! (laughter)

a adds emotion or emphasis. It can be used at the end of a sentence.

sina suli a!   You are so tall!

o and a only used when the person makes you feel really emotional. For example, you might use the a when you haven't seen the person for a very long time or when having sex.

jan Epi o a!   Oh Abbie!

The second group of interjections are kind like salutations.

toki!   Hello!, Hi!
suno pona!   Good sun! Good day!
lape pona!   Sleep well! Have a good night!
moku pona!   Good food! Enjoy your meal!
mi tawa   I'm going. Bye!
tawa pona!   (in reply) Go well! Good bye!
kama pona!   Come well! Welcome!
musi pona!   Good fun! Have fun!

Practice 9 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

Susan is crazy.    
Go!    
Mama, wait!    
I come from Europe. *    
Hahaha! That's funny!    
My name is Ken.    
Hello Lisa!    
F-ck!    
I want to go to Australia. **    
Bye! ***    
   
mu!    
mi wile kama sona e toki Inli. ****    
jan Ana o pana e moku tawa mi!    
o tawa musi poka mi! *****    
jan Mose o lawa e mi mute tawa ma pona!    
tawa pona!    
   

* Europe = Elopa
** Australia = Oselija
*** spoken by the person who's leaving
**** kama sona = learn. This is similar to how kama jo = "get", like we learned in lesson six.

Questions using seme

Vocabulary

olin   to love affectionately, as of a person
seme   what, which (used to make question words)
sin   new, another, more
supa   any type of furniture
suwi   sweet, cute; candy, cookie

Questions, Questions

seme?   Pardon?

What - Subject

We talked about how to ask questions that can be answered with a "yes" or "no". However, we didn't talk about questions that require more in-depth answers. Well, to ask questions like these in Toki Pona, we have to use the word seme.

seme li utala e sina?   What attacked you?
seme li moku e kili mi?   What is eating my fruit?
seme li lon poka mi?   What is beside me?
seme li lon tomo mi?   What is in my house?
seme li pona tawa sina?   What do you like?

What / Where - Object

Okay, this next part is probably going to seem rather confusing at first, and so I'm going to ease you into it by using things that you've already learned.

sina lukin e pipi.   You're watching a bug.

Now we're going to turn that sentence into a question.

sina lukin e seme?   What are you watching?

Both pipi and seme are treated as plain nouns, and the word order of the sentence does not change even when the sentence is a question.

sina pakala e seme?   What did you hurt?
sina lon seme?   Where are you?
ona li jo e seme?   What does he have?

Who(m)

Since you're asking about a person, you use jan, then add seme to make into a question word.

jan seme li moku?   Who is eating?
jan seme li tawa poka sina?   Who went with you?
sina lukin e jan seme?   Whom did you see?
sina toki tawa jan seme?   Whom are you talking to?

Which

ma seme li pona, tawa sina?   Which countries do you like?
sina kama, tan ma seme?   Which country do you come from?

The only reason that this concept might seem difficult is because you're tempted to move the word orders around, because many languages (including English) do it. One neat little trick you can do to check a translation is to think of the question as a plain statement, and then replace the word seme with ni.

Why

seme is also used to make what equals the English word "why". Also, don't forget that tan as a preposition means "because of".

sina kama, tan seme?   Why did you come?

Miscellaneous

supa

supa means any type of horizontal surface or furniture.

supa   table, chair, sofa, ...
supa lape   bed

suwi

suwi means "sweet", "cute", "candy" or some other type of sweet food. It don't mean that it's sexy, attractive, or anything like that.

jan lili sina li suwi.   Your baby is cute.
telo kili ni li suwi.   This fruit drink is sweet.
mi wile e suwi!   I want a cookie!

sin

sin as an adjective and simply means "another" or "more".

jan sin li kama.   More people are coming.
mi wile e suwi sin!   I want another/more cookie(s)!

olin

This word is used to mean "love". However, it only refers to affectionate love, like loving people. For example, you might olin your girlfriend or your parents, but you don't olin baseball. You can't olin things or objects.

mi olin e sina.   I love you.

Practice 10 (Answers: Page [*])

What do you want to do?    
Who loves you?    
Is that sweet?    
I'm going to bed.    
Are more people coming?    
Give me a lollipop!    
Who's there?    
Which bug hurt you?    
Whom did you go with?    
He loves to eat. *    
   
jan Ken o, mi olin e sina.    
ni li jan seme?    
sina lon seme?    
mi lon tan seme?    
jan seme li meli sina?    
sina tawa ma tomo tan seme?    
sina wile tawa ma seme?    
   

* Think carefully! This one is tricky.

Compound Nouns with pi

Vocabulary

pi   separates two nouns with their adjective
kalama   sound, noise; to make noise,
    to play an instrument
kulupu   group, community, society
nasin   road, way, doctrine, method

pi separates a noun from another noun that has at least one adjective.

Until now we have learned to combine a noun and adjectives. Now we will learn how to combine two nouns including their adjectives into a compsite noun. pi is probably the most misused word in this language. At any rate, if you get frustrated while trying to learn about this word, just relax, try your best. After pi have to be at least two words. For example pi + noun + adjectiv or pi + pronoun + adjectiv. pi and li or e stand never together.

Compound words with pi

Now, you might remember that tomo telo ("water room") is used to mean "restroom". You should also recall that nasa means "crazy", "silly", "stupid", and so on. Now, let's look at this sentence.

mi tawa tomo telo nasa.   I went to the crazy restroom.
   

Okay, I think you'll agree with me when I say that that is just plain weird. It makes me think about some creepy restroom with neon lights lining the floor and a strobe light in every toilet stall. Now, the person who said this sentence had actually been trying to say that he had gone to a bar. As you probably recall, telo nasa is used to mean "alcohol". So, a tomo with telo nasa would be a "bar". The only problem is that you can't fit tomo and telo nasa together, because it will mean "crazy restroom," as you just studied. The only way to fix this problem is to use pi.

tomo pi telo nasa   building for alcohol; a bar, pub

We're going to go over a bunch of examples using pi; but, you need to be familiar with some of the compound noun combinations that we've learned.

jan pi ma tomo   a city-dweller
kulupu pi toki pona   the Toki Pona community
nasin pi toki pona   the ideology behind Toki Pona
jan lawa pi jan utala   commander, general
jan lawa pi tomo tawa kon   a pilot
jan pi nasin sewi Kolisu   a Christian
nasin sewi   religion
jan pi pona lukin   an attractive person
jan pi ike lukin   an ugly person
jan utala pi ma Losi li ike tawa ma ali.   Soldiers of Russia are bad for the world.

pi and possessives

If you wanted to say "my house" you say tomo mi. Similarly, "your house" is tomo sina. If you want to name a specific person who owns the house, you have to use pi. Note that you can not say tomo Lisa. That changes the whole meaning.

tomo pi jan Lisa   Lisa's house
kili pi jan Susan   Susan's fruit
ma pi jan Keli   Keli's country
len pi jan Lisa   Lisa's clothes

Also, if you want to use the plural pronouns you have to use pi.

nimi pi mi mute   our names
tomo pi ona mute   their house

Opposites with pi and ala

We also use pi and ala to express the opposite of some words. This could change the word type. In the first examples wawa is a adjectiv. But after pi is wawa a noun.

jan wawa   a strong person
jan wawa ala   No strong people.
jan pi wawa ala   a person with weakness, a weak person

Several pi-Phrases for one Compound Noun

Similar to the other separate words li and e you can use several pi. All additional pi-phrases are connected to the first noun as well. pi phrases are not nested. You can change the order. However you should avoid several pi if you can. In the next lesson we will learn a way to avoid several pi.

kulupu pi kalama musi pi ma Inli li pona.   The English rock band is good.
kulupu pi ma Inli pi kalama musi li pona.   The English rock band is good.

Common mistakes with pi

After pi have to be at least two words. The word immediately after pi is a noun or pronoun, followed by an adjectiv. Do not separate adjectives, numbers or verbs by pi.

jan pi wawa pi pona mute li kama.   Wrong!
   

Another mistake is that people use pi when they should use tan.

mi kama tan ma Mewika.   I come from America.

At the beginning pi is unfamiliar. But it helps to understand a sentence.
A pi shows that after the pi can only be a noun or pronoun.

Miscellaneous

kalama

Okay, kalama is used to mean "sound" or "noise".
kalama ni li seme?   What was that noise?

kalama is usually combined with the word musi to mean "music" or "song".
kalama musi li pona tawa mi.   I like music.

kalama musi precedes the names of specific songs.
kalama musi "Jingle Bells" li pona tawa mi.   I like the song "Jingle Bells".

And we can use pi to talk about music by a certain group or artist.
kalama musi pi jan Elton-John li nasa.   Elton John's music is odd.

Finally, kalama can be used as a verb.
mi kalama kepeken ilo.   I make noise using an instrument.
o kalama ala!   Don't make noise!

Using nasin seme to make "how"

sina pali e ni kepeken nasin seme?   How did you make this?

Practice 11 (Answers: Page [*])

Keli's child is funny.    
I am a Toki Ponan.    
He is a good musician.    
The captain of the ship is eating.    
Meow.    
Enya's music is good.    
Which people of this group are important?    
Our house is messed up.    
How did she make that?    
   
pipi pi ma mama mi li lili.    
kili pi jan Linta li ike.    
len pi jan Susan li jaki.    
mi sona ala e nimi pi ona mute.    
mi wile toki meli.    
sina pakala e ilo kepeken nasin seme?    
jan Wasintan [Washington] li jan lawa pona pi ma Mewika.    
wile pi jan ike li pakala e ijo.    
   

Conjunctions and Temperature

Vocabulary

anu   or
en   and
taso   but, only
kin   indeed, still, too
ante   other, different
pilin   feel, think, touch
lete   cold; to freeze
lipu   paper, sheet, page, ticket, etc.
mani   money, currency

The conjunctions anu and en

anu

anu is used to make questions when there is a choice between two options.

jan Susan anu jan Lisa li moku e suwi?   Susan or Lisa ate the cookies?
sina jo e kili anu telo nasa?   Do you have the fruit,
    or is it the wine that you have?
sina toki, tawa mi anu ona?   Are you talking to me,
    or are you talking to him?
ona anu jan ante li ike?   Is he bad, or is it the
    other person who's bad?

Do you know how sometimes in English we say stuff like, "So are you coming or what?".

sina pona anu seme?   Are you OK?
ona li mama anu seme?   Is she a parent?
sina kama anu seme?   Are you coming or what?
sina wile moku anu seme?   Do you want to eat or what?
sina wile e mani anu seme?   Do you want the money or what?

anu can be used in declarative sentences also.

mi lukin e mije anu meli.   I see a man or a women.

en

This word simply means "and". It is used to join two nouns in the subject of a sentence together.

mi en sina li jan pona.   You and I are friends.
jan lili en jan suli li toki.   The child and the adult are talking.
kalama musi en meli li pona, tawa mi.   I like music and girls.

Note that en is not intended to connect two direct objects. For that, use the multiple-e technique (Page [*]).

mi wile e moku e telo.   I want food and water.

Also note that en is not used to connect two whole sentences, even though this is common in English. Instead, use the multiple-li technique (Page [*]) or split the sentence into two sentences.

mi moku e kili ...   I'm eating fruit, ...
... li toki, kepeken toki pona.   ... and I'm speaking in/using Toki Pona.
mi moku e kili.   I'm eating fruit, ...
mi toki, kepeken toki pona.   ... and I'm speaking in/using Toki Pona.
   

en can also be used with pi if two people own something together. With en you can avoid several pi phrases.

jan lili pi jan Ken en jan Lisa li suwi.   Ken and Lisa's baby is sweet.

taso

taso as conjunction

Start a new sentence when you want to use taso. Do not use a comma!

mi wile moku. taso mi jo ala e moku.   I want to eat. But I don't have food.
mi wile lukin e tomo mi. taso mi lon ma ante.   I want to see my house. But I'm in a different country.
mi pona. taso meli mi li pakala.   I'm okay. But my girlfriend is injured.

taso as adjective

jan Lisa taso li kama.   Only Lisa came.
mi sona e ni taso.   I know only that. (That's all I know.)

taso as adverb

mi musi taso.   I'm just joking.
mi pali taso.   I just work. (All I ever do is work.)
mi lukin taso e meli ni! ali li pona.   I only looked at that girl! Everything's okay.

kin

kin it can occur after almost any word in a adjective or adverb group.

A: mi tawa ma Elopa.   I went to Europe.
B: pona! mi tawa kin.   Cool! I went too.
A: mi mute o tawa.   Let's go.
B: mi ken ala. mi moku kin.   I can't. I'm still eating.
A: a! sina lukin ala lukin e ijo nasa ni?   Whoa! Do you see that weird thing?
B: mi lukin kin e ona.   I see it indeed.

Temperature and pilin

If you've forgotten, seli means "hot" or "heat". We can use this word to talk about the weather. In this lesson, you also should have learned that lete means "cold". Now the thing about these phrases is that they're only used to talk about the temperature of the surroundings in general.

seli li lon.   It's hot.
lete li lon.   It's cold.

You can also use lili and mute to be more specific.

seli mute li lon.   It's very hot.
seli lili li lon.   It's warm.
lete mute li lon.   It's very cold.
lete lili li lon.   It's cool.

If you're referring to a certain object that is cold, irregardless of the surrounding environment, you use pilin. Suppose you grab an axe and you discover that the handle is cold.

ilo ni li lete pilin.   This axe feels cold.

Also, just like with the lon phrases, the pilin phrases can use mute and lili to intensify the descriptions.

ni li lete pilin mute.   This is very cold.
ni li seli pilin lili.   This feels warm.

Other uses of pilin

You also use pilin to describe how a person or an animal is feeling.

mi pilin pona.   I feel good. / I feel happy.
mi pilin ike.   I feel bad. / I feel sad.
sina pilin seme?   How do you feel?

It can also mean "to think".

mi pilin e ni: sina ike.   I think this: You're bad.

When you ask someone "What are you thinking about?" in Toki Pona, the "about" part is removed.

sina pilin e seme?   What are you thinking?

However, when you answer to say what you're thinking about, the "about" part gets added back in. Use pi if needed (see Page [*]).

mi pilin ijo.   I'm thinking (about) something.
mi pilin pi meli ni.   I'm thinking about that woman.

Practice 12 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

Do you want to come or what?    
Do you want food, or do you want water?    
I still want to go to my house.    
This paper feels cold.    
I like currency of other nations.    
I want to go, but I can't.    
I'm alone. *    
   
mi olin kin e sina.    
mi pilin e ni: ona li jo ala e mani.    
mi wile lukin e ma ante.    
mi wile ala e ijo. mi lukin taso.    
mi pilin lete.    
sina wile toki, tawa mije anu meli?    
   

* Think: "Only I am present."

Colors

Vocabulary

kule   color, to paint, to color
sitelen   picture, image, to draw, to write
jelo   yellow
laso   blue
loje   red
pimeja   black, dark
walo   white

Color combinations

jelo, laso, loje, pimeja and walo as adjectives

You can mix different colors. Toki Pons is about simplicity, so keep it basic.

laso loje   purple (reddish blue)
laso jelo   green (yellowish blue)
loje jelo   orange (yellowish red)
loje walo   pink (whitish red)
walo pimeja   grey (dark white)

Keep in mind that colors by themselves can't really follow any sort of logical pattern, so you're free to mix them around as you like.

laso loje / loje laso   reddish blue (purple
laso jelo / jelo laso   yellowish blue (green)

Using colors with pi

Suppose that you have a shirt that have pattern with different colors (red and blue). However, you can't call it len loje laso, because that means "purple shirt". So, we have to use en to separate the two colors, and then we have to use pi to show that the even though there are two different colors, they both modify the word "shirt". loje and laso are nouns here.

len pi loje en laso   shirt of red and blue

kule

kule as a noun
ni li kule seme?   What color is that?

kule as a verb
mi kule e lipu   I'm coloring the paper.

Miscellaneous

sitelen

sitelen as a noun means "picture" or "image". As a verb, it means to "draw" or to "write". sitelen is most useful for the compound nouns that you can make with it.

sitelen tawa   movie, TV show
sitelen tawa "Fahrenheit 9/11" li pona, tawa mi.   I like the movie "Fahrenheit 9/11".
sitelen tawa "Bowling for Columbine" li pona kin.   The movie "Bowling for Columbine" is also good.
sitelen ma   map
o pana e sitelen ma, tawa mi.   Give me the map.

Practice 13 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

I don't see the blue bag.    
A little green person came from the sky.    
I like the color purple.    
The sky is blue.    
Look at that red bug.    
I want the map.    
Do you watch The X-Files?    
Which color do you like?*    
   
suno li jelo.    
telo suli li laso.    
mi wile moku e kili loje.    
ona li kule e tomo tawa.    
   

* Think: "Which color is good for you?"

And now try reading this Toki Pona poem.

ma mi li pimeja.    
kalama ala li lon    
mi lape. mi sona.    
   

Living Things

Vocabulary

soweli   mammal
waso   bird, bat
akesi   reptile, amphibian
kala   fish or an animal that live in water
pipi   any type of bug
kasi   plant
moli   death; to die, to kill
alasa   hunt, gather
namako   spice, something extra, food additive, accessory
pan   barley, maize, rice, etc. or foods made from such plants
monsuta   monster, monstrosity, fearful thing, fright, mythical creatures, fear

Ambiguity of Names of Living Things

soweli

soweli is basically for all types of mammals. If you're eating meat that comes from a soweli (such as beef or pork), it is still called soweli.

soweli ni li pona moku.   This cow is good to eat.

waso

waso includes all birds and flying animals.

mi wile moku e waso.   I want to eat chicken.

akesi

akesi covers all of the reptiles, amphibians, dinosaurs and monsters.

akesi pi telo moli   venomous snakes, poisonous frogs

kala

kala is used to talk about fish and other animals that live in water. Also, kala can be used as an adjective.

jan kala   mermaid.

pipi

pipi is used for all types of bugs (spiders, ants, roaches, butterflies, ...).

kasi

kasi is used to talk about all plants and plant-like things.

kasi kule   flower
kasi suli   trees, big shrubs
kasi anpa   grass
ma kasi   forest, jungle
kasi nasa / kasi sona   hemp

pan and namako

pan ni li moku ike.   This pasta is unappetizing.
o pana e namako, tawa mi.   Give me some spice.

moli

It can be used to say that something is dead, dying or killing.

pipi li moli.   The bug is dead.
soweli li kama moli.   The cheetah is dying.
jan li moli e waso.   The person killed the bird.

alasa

jan li alasa e soweli.   Somebody hunt a buffalo.
jan alasa pona li wawa.   A good hunter is strong.

monsuta

monsuta waso pi pan linja li pali ali.   The Flying Spaghetti Monster has created the world.

Practice 14 (Answers: Page [*])

I want a puppy.    
Ahh! The dinosaur wants to eat me!    
The mosquito bit me.    
Cows say moo.    
Birds fly in air. *    
Let's eat fish.    
Flowers are pretty. **    
I like plants.    
   
mama ona li kepeken kasi nasa.    
akesi li pana e telo moli.    
pipi li moku e kasi.    
soweli mi li kama moli.    
jan Pawe o, mi wile ala moli.    
mi lon ma kasi.    
   

* Think: "Birds go in air."
** Think: "Colorful plants are good to see."

The Body

Vocabulary

ko   semi-solid substance (glue, powder, etc.), to squash
kute   to hear
linja   line, hair
luka   arm, hand
lupa   hole, orifice, door, window
nena   bump, hill, extrusion
noka   leg, foot
oko   eye
palisa   rod, stick, pointy thing
selo   skin, external surface of something
sijelo   body
sike   circle, ball
sinpin   wall, chest
uta   mouth

Body Parts

All the words that you see above in the vocabulary list are used to make the name of a body part. However, some of the words have other uses as well.

oko   eye
nena kute   ear
nena kon   nose
uta   mouth  
ijo uta walo   teeth
linja lawa   hair (of head)
lawa   head
anpa lawa   neck (bottom of head)
luka   hand, arm
len luka   gloves, mittens
poka   hip
noka   leg, foot
len noka   shoe, pants
sinpin   chest, abdomen, face
nena sike meli   female breasts
lupa meli   vagina
palisa mije   penis
sike mije   man's testicles
monsi   a person's back
selo   skin

Bodily Fluids and Wastes

telo walo mije   The fluid that a man releases during unpa.
telo sijelo loje   blood (red bodily fluid)
telo jelo   urine (yellow fluid)
mi pana e telo jelo.   I peed.
ko jaki   feces
mi pana e ko jaki.   I crapped.

ko is not used very much at all, except to say ko jaki. However, you can say "porridge" by saying ko moku.

kute

kute can also be used a verb
mi kute e toki sina.   I hear your talking.
mi kute e kalama musi.   I'm listening to music.

A Song

Here the version of "Heads, shoulders, knees and toes" translated in Toki Pona from jan Mali and used in her nice video Toki Pona lessons [4]. As you can see these are not exact grammar sentences because it is lyric.

lawa, sewi luka, palisa noka, palisa noka
lawa, sewi luka, palisa noka, palisa noka
en oko en nena kute en uta en nena kon
lawa, sewi luka, palisa noka, palisa noka

Practice 15 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

Kiss me. *    
I need to pee.    
My hair is wet.    
Something is in my eye.    
I can't hear your talking.    
I need to crap.    
That hole is big.    
   
a! telo sijelo loje li kama, tan nena kute mi!    
selo mi li wile e ni: mi pilin e ona. **    
o pilin e nena.    
o moli e pipi, kepeken palisa.    
luka mi li jaki. mi wile telo e ona.    
o pana e sike, tawa mi.    
mi pilin e seli sijelo sina.    
   

* We sorta have an idiom for this. Think: "Touch my mouth using your mouth."
** This sentence is sorta idiomatic. Look at the answer if you can't figure it out.

Numbers

Vocabulary

ala   zero
wan   one; to unite
tu   two; to divide
luka   five
mute   many, several, very, 20 (Is rarely used.)
ali   all, every, complete, 100 (Is rarely used.)
nanpa   number, numeral, to count, to reckon
weka   away; to remove, to eliminate
esun   marketplace, store

Use Numbers Sparingly!

The method that you're about to learn for making higher numbers should be avoided as much as possible.

Cardinal Numbers

There are only few number words in Toki Pona. When we need to make higher numbers, we combine these numbers together.

wan   1
tu   2
tu wan   2 + 1 = 3
tu tu   2 + 2 = 4
luka   5
luka wan   5 + 1 = 6
luka tu   5 + 2 = 7
luka tu wan   5 + 2 + 1 = 8
luka tu tu   5 + 2 + 2 = 9
luka luka   5 + 5 = 10
luka luka wan   5 + 5 + 1 = 11
luka luka tu   5 + 5 + 2 = 12
luka luka tu wan   5 + 5 + 2 + 1 = 13
luka luka tu tu   5 + 5 + 2 + 2 = 14
luka luka luka   5 + 5 + 5 = 15
mute wan   20 + 1 = 21 (Is rarely used.)
ali tu   100 + 2 = 102 (Is rarely used.)

These numbers are added onto nouns just like adjectives. When used together with other adjectives, numbers are inserted at the end. Only pronouns can used after numbers. Optionally you can insert a comma before numbers.

jan, luka tu   7 people
jan lili, tu wan   3 children

As you can see, it can get very confusing if you want to talk about numbers higher than 14 or so. However, Toki Pona is simply not intended for such high numbers. It is a simple language.

Use mute. Conserve the Numbers.

Okay, so it's a bad idea to use the numbers when you don't absolutely need them. So, instead, we use mute for any number higher than two.

jan mute li kama.   Many people came.

Of course, this is still pretty vague. mute in the above sentence could mean 3 or it could mean 3 000. Fortunately, mute is just an adjective, and so we can attach other adjectives after it. We have learned that you should not repeat a word. mute and lili are exceptions some people repeat it up to three times to represent higher numbers. This is not a good style. Better is to use mute kin.

jan mute kin li kama!   Many, many, many people are coming!

More than likely, that sentence is saying that at least a thousand people are coming. Now suppose that you had more than two people but still not very many. Let's say that the number is around 4 or 5. Here's how you'd say that.

jan mute lili li kama.   A small amount (of) people are coming.

Ordinal Numbers

If you understood how the cardinal numbers work, the ordinal numbers only require one more step. Like I said, if you understood the cardinal numbers, it's easy because you just stick nanpa in between the noun and the number.

jan nanpa tu tu   4th person
ni li jan lili ona nanpa tu.   This is her second child.
meli mi nanpa wan li nasa.   My first girlfriend was crazy.


Other Uses of wan and tu

wan can be used as a verb. It means "to unite".

mi en meli mi li wan.   My girlfriend and I got married.
jan pali pi ma ali o wan!   Proletarians of all countries, unite!

tu used as a verb means "to split" or "to divide".

o tu e palisa ni.   Split this stick.

The Meaning of Life

ali li seme?   The Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything.
ni li mute mute tu.   The answer is 42.

Miscellaneous

Today's word is weka. As a verb, it just means "to get rid of", "to remove", etc.

o weka e len sina.   Remove your clothes.
o weka e jan lili, tan ni.   Remove the kid from here
ona li wile ala kute e ni.   He shouldn't hear this.

weka is also used very often as an adjective and an adverb.

mi weka.   I was away.
mi wile tawa weka.   I want to leave.

It can also be used to mean the equivalent of "far" or "distant".

tomo mi li weka, tan ni.   My house is away from here.
ma Elopa li weka, tan ma Mewika.   Europe is away from the USA.

And add ala to mean that it's somewhere closeby.

ma Mewika li weka ala, tan ma Kupa.   The USA is not away from Cuba.

esun

mi nanpa e mani mi, lon esun suli.   I count my money at a supermarket.

Practice 16 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

I saw three birds.    
Many people are coming.    
The first person is here.    
I own two cars.    
Some (but not a lot) of people are coming.    
Unite!    
   
mi weka e ijo tu ni.    
o tu.    
mi lukin e soweli luka.    
mi weka.    
   

la

Vocabulary

la   separates adverb of context from sentence
mun   moon, lunar
open   to open, to begin, to turn on
pini   end; to end, to stop, to turn off
tenpo   time
kipisi   to cut


la

la Preceded by a Single Word

Let's look at a regular sentence and the same sentence with a la phrase attached.

ilo li pakala.   The tool is broken.
ken la ilo li pakala.   Maybe the tool is broken.

la phrases come at the beginning of the sentence. The word or phrase that will affect the sentence comes first, then la, and then finally comes the main sentence. I wish I could logically explain why ken, when it comes before la, means "maybe". However, there's not really a good explanation.

ken la jan Lisa li jo e ona.   Maybe Lisa has it.
ken la ona li lape.   Maybe he's alseep.
ken la mi ken tawa ma Elopa.   Maybe I can go to Europe.

Time and la

Before we can actually learn how to use tenpo with la, we need to learn about tenpo first. It acts just like any other noun.

tenpo suno   day (sun time)
tenpo pimeja   night (dark time)
tenpo ni   the present (this time)
tenpo suno ni   today (this sun time)
tenpo pimeja ni   tonight (this dark time)
tenpo kama   the future (coming time)
tenpo kama lili   soon (little coming time)
tenpo pini   the past (past time)
tenpo suno pini   yesterday (past sun time)
tenpo pimeja pini   last night (past dark time)
tenpo suno kama   tomorrow (coming sun time)
tenpo mute   often (many times)

Now, you can stick these phrases before la to tell when something happened.

tenpo pini la mi weka.   In the past, I was away.
tenpo ni la mi lon.   At this time, I am here.
tenpo kama la mi lape.   In the future, I'll sleep.
tenpo pimeja pini la mi kama nasa.   Last night, I became drunk.

We also use a tenpo la phrase to talk about age.

tenpo pi mute seme la sina sike e suno?   How old are you?

Birthdays come once a year, and each time you have a birthday, you have gone around the sun one complete time. To answer and tell someone how old you are, just replace the pi mute seme with your age.

tenpo tu tu la mi sike e suno.   Four times (la) I circled the sun.

Expressing if/when with la

mama mi li moli la mi pilin ike.   My parents die, I feel bad.

In casual English, we'd translate this as "If my parents were to die, I'd be sad." All la phrases follow the same order as that example. If you like formulas and patterns, here's a good way to think about it.

1 la 2.   If/when 1 happens, then 2 happens also.
   

mi lape la ali li pona.   When I'm asleep, everything is good.
sina moku e telo nasa la sina nasa.   If you drink beer, you'll be silly.
sina moli la sina ken ala toki.   If you are dead, you can't speak.
mi pali mute la mi pilin ike.   When I work a lot, I feel bad.

It is possible to use la two times in a sentence. But please not more than two.

ken la tenpo pimeja la ni li pona.   Maybe in the night it will be ok.

la is a word to separate phrases. Commas together with la are neither necessary nor useful.

Miscellaneous

comparative and superlative

Now to use this concept in Toki Pona, you have to split your idea up into two separate sentences. Here's how you'd say "Lisa is better than Susan."

jan Lisa li pona mute. ...   Lisa is very good. ...
... jan Susan li pona lili.   ... Susan is a little good.
   

Make sense? You say that one thing is very much of something, while you use another object as the basis for comparison and say that it's only a little bit of something.

mi suli mute. sina suli lili.   I'm bigger than you.
mi moku mute. sina moku lili.   I eat more than you.

Headlines

Headings can be incomplete sentences and do not end with a punctuation mark.

tenpo mun nanpa luka luka wan
tenpo ni li ike kin, lon ma Tosi.
suno li suli lili kin.
telo li kama, lon sewi.
kasi li moli.
waso li tawa.
tenpo seli o kama!

Practice 17 (Answers: Page [*])

Try translating these sentences.

Maybe Susan will come.    
Last night I watched X-Files.    
If the enemy comes, burn these papers.    
Maybe he's in school.    
I have to work tomorrow.    
When it's hot, I sweat. *    
Open the door.    
The moon is big tonight.    
   
ken la jan lili li wile moku e telo.    
tenpo ali la o kama sona!    
sina sona e toki ni la sina sona e toki pona!    
   

* Think: "Heat is present, I emit fluid from my skin."

Conclusion

tenpo ni la sina sona e toki pona. toki pona li pona anu seme? mi wile e ni: ona li pona tawa sina.

tenpo ni la sina ken pali. o pana e sona pi toki pona tawa jan ante. o toki kepeken toki pona! mi wile e ni: jan mute li sona e ona.

o pona!

Answers

Basic Sentences

People are good.   jan li pona.
I'm eating.   mi moku.
You're tall.   sina suli.
Water is simple.   telo li pona.
The lake is big.   telo li suli.
suno li suli.   The sun is big.
mi suli.   I'm important. / I'm fat.
jan li moku.   Somebody is eating.

Direct Objects, Compund Sentences

I have a tool.   mi jo e ilo.
She's eating fruit.   ona li moku e kili.
Something is watching me.   ijo li lukin e mi.
He wants to squish the spider.   ona li wile pakala e pipi.
Pineapple is a food and is good.   kili li moku li pona.
The bug is thirsty.   pipi li wile moku e telo.
mi lukin e ni.   I am looking at that.
mi wile unpa e ona.   I want to have sex with him/her.
jan li wile jo e ma.   People want to own land.
mi jan li suli.   I am somebody and am important.

Adjectives, Compund Nouns Adverbs

mi jo e kili.   I have a fruit.
ona li pona li lili.   It is good and is small.
mi moku lili e kili lili.   I nibble (eat a little) the small fruit.
The leader drank dirty water.   jan lawa li moku e telo jaki.
I need a fork.   mi wile e ilo moku.
An enemy is attacking them.   jan ike li utala e ona mute.
That bad person has strange clothes.   jan ike ni li jo e len nasa.
We drank a lot of vodka.   mi mute li moku e telo nasa mute.
Children watch adults.   jan lili li lukin e jan suli.
mi lukin sewi e tomo suli.   I am looking up at the big building.
seli suno li seli e tomo mi.   The sun's warmth heats my home.
jan lili li wile e telo kili.   Children want fruit juice.
ona mute li nasa e jan suli.   They drove the adults crazy.

Prepositions I

I fixed the flashlight using a small tool.   mi pona e ilo suno, kepeken ilo lili.
I like Toki Pona.   toki pona li pona, tawa mi.
We gave them food.   mi mute li pana e moku, tawa ona mute.
This is for my friend.   ni li tawa jan pona mi.
The tools are in the container.   ilo li lon poki.
That bottle is in the dirt.   poki ni li lon jaki.
I want to go to his house using my car.   mi wile tawa tomo ona, kepeken tomo tawa mi.
They are arguing.   ona mute li utala toki.
sina wile kama tawa tomo toki.   You should come to the chat room.
jan li toki kepeken toki pona lon tomo toki.   People talk in/using Toki Pona in the chat room.
mi tawa tomo toki. ona li pona, tawa mi.   I go the chat room. It is good for me.
    I like to go to the chat room.
sina kama jo e jan pona, lon ni.   You will get friends there.

Other Prepositions

My friend is beside me.   jan pona mi li lon poka mi.
The sun is above me.   suno li lon sewi mi.
The land is beneath me.   ma li lon anpa mi.
Bad things are behind me.   ijo ike li lon monsi mi.
I'm okay because I'm alive.   mi pona tan ni: mi lon.
I look at the land with my friend.   mi lukin e ma poka jan pona mi.
I look at the land with my friend.   mi lukin e ma lon poka pi jan pona mi.
People look like ants.   jan li lukin sama pipi.
poka mi li pakala.   My hip hurts.
mi kepeken poki li kepeken ilo moku.   I'm using a bowl and a spoon.
jan li lon insa tomo.   Somebody's inside the house.

Negation Yes/No Questions

You have to tell me why.   sina wile toki e tan tawa mi.
Is a bug beside me?   pipi li lon ala lon poka mi?
Do you like me?   mi pona ala pona, tawa sina?
I can't sleep.   mi ken ala lape.
I don't want to talk to you.   mi wile ala toki, tawa sina.
He didn't go to the lake.   ona li tawa ala telo.
sina wile ala wile pali? wile ala.   Do you want to work? No.
jan utala li seli ala seli e tomo?   Is the warrior burning the house?
jan lili li ken ala moku e telo nasa.   Children can't drink beer.
sina kepeken ala kepeken ni?   Are you using that?
sina ken ala ken kama?   Can you come?

Gender, Unofficial Words, ...

Susan is crazy.   jan Susan li nasa.
Go!   o tawa!
Mama, wait.   mama meli o awen!
I come from Europe.   mi kama, tan ma Elopa.
Hahaha! That's funny.   a a a! ni li musi.
My name is Ken.   mi li jan Ken.
Hello, Lisa.   jan Lisa o, toki!
F-ck!   pakala!
I want to go to Australia.   mi wile tawa ma Oselija.
Bye!   mi tawa!
mu!   meow, woof, moo, etc.
mi wile kama sona e toki Inli.   I want to learn English.
jan Ana o pana e moku, tawa mi!   Ana, give me food.
o tawa musi poka mi!   Dance with me!
jan Mose o lawa e mi mute, tawa ma pona!   Moses, lead us to the good land.
tawa pona!   Good bye (spoken by the person who's staying)

Questions using seme

What do you want to do?   sina wile pali e seme?
Who loves you?   jan seme li olin e sina?
Is that sweet?   ni li suwi ala suwi?
I'm going to bed.   mi tawa supa lape.
Are more people coming?   jan sin li kama ala kama?
Give me a lollipop!   o pana e suwi, tawa mi!
Who's there?   jan seme li lon? / jan seme li lon ni?
Which bug hurt you?   pipi seme li pakala e sina?
Whom did you go with?   sina tawa poka jan seme?
He loves to eat.   moku li pona, tawa ona.
jan Ken o, mi olin e sina.   Ken, I love you.
ni li jan seme?   Who is that?
sina lon seme?   Where are you?
    (lit: You in what?)
mi lon, tan seme?   Why am I here?
    (lit: I exist because-of what?)
jan seme li meli sina?   Who is your girlfriend/wife?
sina tawa ma tomo tan seme?   Why did you go to the city?
sina wile tawa ma seme?   What place do you want to go to?

pi

Keli's child is funny.   jan lili pi jan Keli li musi.
I am a Toki Ponan.   mi jan pi toki pona.
He is a good musician.   ona li jan pona pi kalama musi.
The captain of the ship is eating.   jan lawa pi tomo tawa telo li moku.
Meow.   mu!
Enya's music is good.   kalama musi pi jan Enja li pona.
Which people of this group are important?   jan seme pi kulupu ni li suli?
Our house is messed up.   tomo pi mi mute li pakala.
How did she make that?   ona li pali e ni, kepeken nasin seme?
pipi pi ma mama mi li lili.   The insects of my homeland are small.
kili pi jan Linta li ike.   Linda's fruit is bad.
len pi jan Susan li jaki.   Susan's clothes are dirty.
mi sona ala e nimi pi ona mute.   I don't know their names.
mi wile toki meli.   I want to talk about girls.
sina pakala e ilo, kepeken nasin seme?   How did you break the tool?
jan Wasintan [Washington] li jan lawa pona pi ma Mewika.   Washington was a good leader of America.
wile pi jan ike li pakala e ijo.   The desires of evil people mess things up.

Conjunctions kin Temperature

Do you want to come or what?   sina wile kama anu seme?
Do you want food, or do you want water?   sina wile e moku anu telo?
I still want to go to my house.   mi wile kin tawa tomo mi.
This paper feels cold.   lipu ni li lete pilin.
I like currency of other nations.   mani pi ma ante li pona, tawa mi.
I want to go, but I can't.   mi wile tawa. taso mi ken ala.
I'm alone.   mi taso li lon.
mi olin kin e sina.   I still love you. / I love you too.
mi pilin e ni: ona li jo ala e mani.   I think that he doesn't have money.
mi wile lukin e ma ante.   I want to see other countries.
mi wile ala e ijo. mi lukin taso.   I don't want anything. I'm just looking.
mi pilin lete.   I'm cold.
    (lit. "I feel cold.")
sina wile toki, tawa mije anu meli?   Do you want to talk a male, or a female?
Colors

I don't see the blue bag.   mi lukin ala e poki laso.
A little green person came from the sky.   jan laso jelo lili li kama, tan sewi. /
A little green person came from the sky.   jan jelo laso lili li kama, tan sewi.
I like the color purple.   kule loje laso li pona, tawa mi. /
I like the color purple.   kule laso loje li pona, tawa mi.
The sky is blue.   sewi li laso.
Look at that red bug.   o lukin e pipi loje ni!
I want the map.   mi wile e sitelen ma.
Do you watch The X-Files?   sina lukin ala lukin e sitelen tawa X-Files?
Which color do you like?   kule seme li pona, tawa sina?
suno li jelo.   The sun is yellow.
telo suli li laso.   The big water [ocean] is blue.
mi wile moku e kili loje.   I want to eat a red fruit.
ona li kule e tomo tawa.   He's painting the car.
ma mi li pimeja.   My land is dark.
kalama ala li lon   No sound exists.
mi lape. mi sona.   I sleep. I know.

Living Things

I want a puppy.   mi wile e soweli lili.
Ahh! The dinosaur wants to eat me!   a! akesi li wile moku e mi!
The mosquito bit me.   pipi li moku e mi.
Cows say moo.   soweli li toki e mu.
Birds fly in air.   waso li tawa, lon kon.
Let's eat fish.   mi mute o moku e kala!
Flowers are pretty.   kasi kule li pona lukin.
I like plants.   kasi li pona, tawa mi.
mama ona li kepeken kasi nasa.   His mother used pot.
akesi li pana e telo moli.   The snake emitted venom ("deadly fluid").
pipi li moku e kasi.   Bugs eat plants.
soweli mi li kama moli.   My dog is dying.
jan Pawe o, mi wile ala moli.   Forrest, I don't want to die.
mi lon ma kasi.   I'm in the forest.

The Body

Kiss me.   o pilin e uta mi, kepeken uta sina!
I need to pee.   mi wile pana e telo jelo.
My hair is wet.   linja mi li telo.
Something is in my eye.   ijo li lon oko mi.
I can't hear your talking.   mi ken ala kute e toki sina.
I need to crap.   mi wile pana e ko jaki.
That hole is big.   lupa ni li suli.
a! telo sijelo loje li kama tan nena kute mi!   Ahh! Blood is coming from my ear!
selo mi li wile e ni: mi pilin e ona.   My skin wants this: I touch it.
    This is how we say that our skin itches.
o pilin e nena.   Touch the button.
o moli e pipi, kepeken palisa.   Kill the roach with the stick.
luka mi li jaki. mi wile telo e ona.   My hands are dirty. I want to wash them.
o pana e sike, tawa mi.   Give the ball to me.
mi pilin e seli sijelo sina.   I feel your bodily warmth.
Numbers

I saw three birds.   mi lukin e waso tu wan.
Many people are coming.   jan mute li kama.
The first person is here.   jan pi nanpa wan li lon.
I own two cars.   mi jo e tomo tawa tu.
Some (but not a lot) of people are coming.   jan mute lili li kama.
Unite!   o wan!
mi weka e ijo tu ni.   I got rid of those two things.
o tu.   Break up. Split apart.
mi lukin e soweli luka.   I saw five mammals.
mi weka.   I was away.

la

Maybe Susan will come.   ken la jan Susan li kama.
Last night I watched X-Files.   tenpo pimeja pini la mi lukin e sitelen tawa X-Files.
If the enemy comes, burn these papers.   jan ike li kama la o seli e lipu ni!
Maybe he's in school.   ken la ona li lon tomo sona.
I have to work tomorrow.   tenpo suno kama la mi wile pali.
When it's hot, I sweat.   seli li lon la mi pana e telo, tan selo mi.
Open the door.   o open e lupa!
The moon is big tonight.   tenpo pimeja ni la mun li suli.
ken la jan lili li wile moku e telo.   Maybe the baby is thirsty.
tenpo ali la o kama sona!   Always learn!
sina sona e toki ni la sina sona e toki pona!   Figure this one out for yourself. :o)

Appendix

Proverbs

toki sona   proverbs

nasin ale   The Way of Life
nasin pona li mute.   The good ways are many. There are many right ways of doing things.
ante li kama.   Change comes. Times change.
mi pona e ale mi la mi pona e mi.   When I improve all areas of my life, I am making myself good.
ike li kama.   Bad comes. Shit happens.
ale li jo e tenpo.   There is a time for everything. Everything in its right context.
ale li pona.   All is good. Life is beautiful. Everything will be OK.
nasin ante li pona tawa jan ante.   Different ways are good for different people.
sina pana e ike la sina kama jo e ike.   If you give evil, you will receive evil.
suno li lon poka pimeja.   Light is beside darkness. Opposites are interconnected. Yin and yang.
kili li tawa anpa poka kasi.   The appel drops not far from the tree.
pali pona li lawa tawa lon.   Good work is most importand in live. / Order is the half of the live.
tenpo li tawa la sona li kama.   Time comes - advice comes.
pini li pona la ale li pona.   Is the end good - everything is good.
waso li ken ala lukin la ona li ken kin jo e kili.   A blind chicken can find a corn too.

jan   People
o olin e jan poka.   Love thy neighbour.
jan li suli mute. mani li suli lili.   People are more important than money.
jan lili li sona ala e ike.   Children are innocent.
utala li ike.   Conflict is bad.
mi weka e ike jan la mi weka e ike mi.   When I forgive somebody's wrongdoings, I cleanse myself of negativity.

meli en mije   Gender
lupa meli li mama ale.   A woman's womb is the mother of all things.
palisa mije li lawa e mije.   A man's penis control him.
meli li nasa e mije.   Women will drive men crazy.
olin suli li awen.   Old love never rusts.

sona   Wisdom
sin en ante li sin e lawa li pana e sona.   Novelty and change freshen the mind and bring insight.
jan sona li jan nasa.   A wise man is a fool. A genius thinks unconventionally.
weka lili li pona tawa lawa.   Temporary isolation is good for meditation.
wile sona li mute e sona.   Curiosity feeds wisdom. One learns by asking questions.

pali   Work
o sona ala. o pali.   Stop thinking. Do stuff.
pali li pana e sona.   One learns by experience.
o sona e sina!   Know thyself!

toki   Language
toki li pona.   communication is good.
toki pona li toki pona.   Toki Pona is a good language.

ike   Bad
nasin mani li ike.   Capitalism is negative.
jo ijo mute li ike e jan.   A lot of possession corrupts.
jan utala ali li nasa   All soldiers are stupid.

ma   Ecology
o pana e pona tawa ma.   Love the earth. Take care of our planet.

sijelo   Health
telo li pona.   Water is good.
lape li pona.   Sleep and rest are good.
wawa li lon insa.   Energy comes from inside. Youth is all in the heart.
pilin pona li pana e sijelo pona.   Positive feelings grant good health. Mind over matter.
tenpo li sijelo e sijelo ike ale.   The time heals every wounds.

Texts - nimi mute

ma ante

mi wile tawa ma ante.
mi wile tawa la tenpo ni.
ma sin ni li pona li jo e musi ala pini.
ken la sina wile kama kin.

o kute e mi! o kute e mi!
o tawa la tenpo kama lili.
mi jo ala e mani. taso mi wile e ni:
sina wile kama kin.

mi wile tawa ma ante.
ma sin li pona tan ni:
mi wile tawa ma ante.
ma sin li pona tan ni:
jan li pilin e seli. jan li pilin e olin.
ken la sina wile kama kin.

jan Mata li pali e kalama musi ni. [9,10]

sike tu li pona

sike tu li pona
li pona tawa mi
li pona tawa ma.

sike tu   bicycle

jan "Paul Goguen" pali e kalama musi ni. [2]

meli pona

meli pona o a!
sina lape lon poka mi.
linja jelo sina li lon luka mi.

mi pilin e sijelo sina.
mi pilin e seli sina.
mi lukin e oko laso sina.
mi lukin e insa sina.

ike! ike!
suno li kama.
sina wile tawa.
meli mi o, mi olin e sina!
sina pona mute!
meli mi o tawa pona.
o tawa pona.

jan Pije li pali e ni. [8]

tenpo lili

tenpo lili la ali li jo e moku.
tenpo lili la pakala sijelo li weka.
tenpo lili la moli li weka kin.
tenpo lili la jan li wile ala pali tawa lon li ken pali taso tawa pona pilin.
tenpo lili la moku li kama ala tan ike pilin pi soweli ante.
tenpo lili la jan li ken olin e mije e meli lon ma ali.
tenpo lili la jan li toki e ijo la ala li pakala e ona.
tenpo lili la kulupu pi kule ante li unpa li wan la toki ike kule li weka.
tenpo lili la sona ali li mute la nasin sewi li lili.
tenpo lili la jan ali li jo e mani li ken pilin e ante mani li ken lon.
ken la toki mi ni li toki pi musi ike.
ken la toki mi li lon.

tenpo lili   in a while

jan " Michael F." pali e ni. [1]

toki utala pi pimeja soweli

tenpo suli pini la jan li jo e soweli tawa pi nena kute suli. jan ni li wile esun e soweli li tawa esun. jan ante li lukin e soweli li toki e ni.

- sina wile e mani seme tan soweli ni?
- ni li kiwen mani tu tu.
- mute. mi pana ala e ni.

suno li tawa sewi. seli mute li lon. jan li kama tawa jan esun e soweli li anpa lon pimeja soweli. lete li lili a! ni li pona.

- sina pali e seme? ni li soweli mi!
- seme?
- ni li soweli mi kin. o pana e mani tawa mi!

ona li open e toki utala. ona li tawa jan sona. jan sona li toki e ni.

- sina toki utala tan seme?
- jan sona o, jan ni li kepeken soweli mi. taso ona li wile ala pana e mani tawa mi!
- ni li lon ala lon?
- jan sona o, mi kepeken ala soweli ona. mi kepeken pimeja taso.
- pimeja li ijo seme?
- mi kepeken pimeja pi soweli ni.
- pona! mi sona. sina tu o kute! sina kepeken pimeja soweli la o kama jo e mani sina tu tu. ... o nanpa e ona kepeken luka. sina ante o kute! jan ni li kepeken pimeja pi soweli sina. tan ni la sina kama jo e kalama pi mani ona.

toki utala pi pimeja soweli   a donkey's shadow

jan Ote li pali e ni. [6]

nasin tawa pi jan Nuton

nasin nanpa wan
ijo awen li awen.
ijo tawa li tawa.
ijo awen li tawa tan wawa.
ijo tawa li awen tan wawa.
nasin nanpa tu
wawa pi ijo lili li lili.
wawa pi ijo suli li suli.
ijo li tawa lili la wawa ona li lili.
ijo li tawa suli la wawa ona li suli.
nasin nanpa tu wan
ijo wan li wawa e ijo tu la ijo tu li wawa e ijo wan.
wawa tu li sama.

nasin tawa pi jan Nuton   Newton's Laws

jan "Michael F." pali e ni. [1]

tenpo pi ma ali

ali li open.

tenpo pini mute kin la ala li lon. ma li lon ala. kon li lon ala. telo li lon ala. pimeja taso li lon.
a! ijo suli li kama! kon li kama tan ijo suli ni. kon li mama ali. tenpo suli li pini. sike kon suli li lon. sike kon suli ni li seli mute li pana e suno. tenpo pimeja la sina ken lukin sewi e sike kon ni!
tenpo suli la sike kon taso li lon. seli mute li lon sike kon ni. seli en kon li kama e ni: kiwen li lon. kiwen mute li wan la ma li lon. pona! sama la seli en kon li kama e telo.

kasi pi nanpa wan

kiwen mute li wan li kama e ma ni. telo li lon kin. taso kasi li lon ala. kala en soweli en pipi li lon ala. ike.
tenpo suli la ala li kama. suno li tawa sewi. suno li tawa anpa. tenpo suli la ala li ante. waso li kalama ala musi. jan lili li musi ala. kalama ala li lon. ali li ike. tenpo li pini la ijo lili li wan li kama e ijo sin. ijo sin ni li kasi pi nanpa wan! kasi ni li lon telo taso.
tenpo mute li pini. kasi ni li ante mute kin li suli. kala li kama kin. tenpo li pini la pipi en soweli en ijo sin mute li kama:

ijo mute li moli.

akesi suli li lon. ona li wawa. taso kiwen suli li kama tan sewi li moli e akesi suli ali e ijo sin mute.
kiwen li pakala e ijo mute. jaki li tawa sewi li awen lon kon. jaki ni li kama e ni: kasi li ken ala kepeken suno. kasi li moli. soweli li ken ala moku e kasi li moli. ijo mute li moli. pipi lili taso en soweli lili li lon.

soweli li suli. jan li kama.

akesi suli li moli la soweli li ken suli. ni li pona tan ni: jan li soweli! o lukin e sitelen ni:
jan li lon! pona! jan li pali e seme? sina wile sona la o tawa lipu ni [8].

jan Pije li pali e ni. [8]

jan sewi li lon tan seme?

toki musi ni li tan lipu pona ni.

toki tan pona lukin
jan lili ni li pona lukin anu seme?
kili ni li pona lukin anu seme?
jan kasi ni li pona lukin anu seme?
jan suno ni li pona lukin anu seme?
jan sewi taso li ken pali e ona.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan ijo sewi
sijelo pi mama mi li pakala.
jan pi pona sijelo li pali e ike mute tawa ona.
ona li toki e ni tawa jan sewi: o pona e mi!
ona li pona.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan pilin ike mute
jan sewi li lon ala la mi ken moli.
ni li lon la mi pilin ike mute.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan wawa
sina lukin ala lukin e ilo moli mi?
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan nanpa
jan mute kin li pilin e ni: jan sewi li lon.
ali li ken ala pilin e lon ala!
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan wawa pi ilo musi
jan Eliku Kulaputon li jan sewi.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki nanpa wan tan lukin ala
jan li pilin e ni: jan sewi li lon ala.
ona li ken ala lukin.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki nanpa tu tan lukin ala
jan sewi li olin.
olin li ken ala lukin.
jan Sipi Wanta li ken ala lukin.
jan Sipi Wanta li jan sewi.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan sona ala
sona jan li ike.
jan li ken ala pakala e toki ali tan ni.
mi toki e ni: jan sewi li lon.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan pakala pi ali ala
tomo tawa kon li pakala. jan mute mute li moli.
jan lili wan li moli ala. ona li seli mute taso.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan ali ante
ali li ante la ali li ante.
ni li ike mute.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan nasin ante
jan mute kin li pilin e ni: nasin Kolisu li lon ala.
ni li pona tawa jan sewi lili ike.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan moli
jan ijo li pilin e ni: jan sewi li lon ala. ona li moli.
tenpo ni la ona li sona e ni: ona li nasa!
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan olin
jan sewi li olin e sina.
sina pilin e ni: ona li lon ala. sina jan ike li jan pi pakala olin!
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan nasin pi jan Jon Kalapin
jan sewi li lon la ni li lon: tenpo ali la mi ken lukin e pakala sina.
ni li pona li musi tawa mi.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan ilo moku
ilo moku li toki wawa ala e jan pali pi ilo moku!
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan nasa
jan pi nasa ala li ken ala pali e nasin Kolisu.
nasin Kolisu li lon tan ni.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan mani pi jan sewi
ma pi nasin sewi Kolisu li jo mani mute.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan tenpo suli
tenpo suli la kulupu Katoli li lon.
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan mute
mi jo e toki mute. ona li toki e ni: jan sewi li lon tan seme?
mi pilin e ni: toki wan li lon tan ona!
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

toki tan olin
tenpo wan la sina olin ala olin?
olin.
a! olin li ala tan jan sewi la ona li tan seme?
jan sewi li lon tan ni.

jan Eliku Kulaputon   Eric Clapton
jan Sipi Wanta   Stevie Wonder
jan Jon Kalapin   John Calvin

jan "Michael F." pali e ni. [1]

toki tan toki pi jan Pokakijo

tenpo nanpa luka tu tu
toki nanpa tu

ma Lonpaki li jo e tomo meli pi nasin sewi. tomo ni li suli mute li sewi mute. meli wan pi tomo ni li suli li pona lukin mute. ona li meli Isapela. tenpo wan la ona li lukin e mije wan li olin e ona. mije li lukin e pona ona li olin sama e ona. tenpo suli la ona mute li pilin ike tan ni: olin ona li pali ala. tenpo lili la mije li kama sona e nasin. ona li tawa meli kepeken nasin pimeja. tenpo mute la ona mute li unpa.

tenpo pimeja wan la meli ante li lukin e weka pi mije ni. meli Isapela en mije li sona ala. tenpo wan la meli ante li wile toki e meli suli pi tomo meli. tenpo tu la ona li wile e ni: meli suli li lukin e unpa.

meli Isapela li unpa e mije. meli ante mute li sona li tu e kulupu tu. kulupu wan li lukin e tomo pi meli Isapela. kulupu tu li toki e meli suli. "o kama! meli Isapela li jo e mije lon tomo ona!"

taso tenpo pimeja ni la meli suli li unpa kin e mije ante pi nasin sewi! mije ni li tawa ona kepeken poki. meli suli li wile ala e ni: kulupu li kama e tomo ona li lukin e mije ona. ona li kama li len lon pimeja. ona li pilin e ni: ona li len e len pi meli sewi. taso ona li pana e len pi noka mije li len e lawa ona! ona li weka li toki e ni tawa kulupu. "meli ike ni li lon seme?"

kulupu li wile e ike tawa meli Isapela li lukin ala e len pi meli suli tan ni. ona li kama e tomo pi meli Isapela li pakala e lupa li lukin e unpa ona. jan olin li lukin li ken ala tawa tan pilin ike. kulupu li jo e meli Isapela li pana e ona tawa tomo lili. mije li awen. mije li len li wile lukin e ni: seme li lon? mije li pilin e ni. "kulupu li pali e ike tawa meli la mi pakala e ona li pana e meli li weka!"

meli suli li kama lon tomo lili. kulupu pi meli suwi li lukin e meli Isapela taso. meli suli li toki ike tawa ona. "pali sina li pakala e nimi pona pi tomo meli ni!" jan ante li toki pakala e ona.

meli Isapela li sona ala e ni: ona li ken toki e seme? ona li toki ala. "ken la kulupu li pilin ike tan ni." meli suli li toki kin. meli Isapela li lukin e len lawa ona li toki. "meli suli o, pona e len lawa sina!"

meli suli li sona ala e ni: jan Isapela li toki e seme? "sina soweli ike! sina toki e len lawa seme? sina musi ala musi? sina pilin e ni: pali sina li ijo musi."

meli Isapela li toki tu. "meli suli pona o, pona e len lawa sina!"

kulupu pi meli sewi li lukin e meli suli. ona li pilin e len lawa ona li sona e ni: ona li pali kin e ike.

ona li toki e ni. "tenpo ijo la meli li ken ala pakala e pilin olin e pilin unpa."

ona li toki kin. "ali li ken unpa lon pimeja sona la ali li ken unpa."

meli suli li weka e mije ona. meli Isapela li weka e mije ona. meli ante ijo li pilin ike tan ni: ona li wile e mije li jo ala e mije!

toki tan toki pi jan Pokakijo   Giovanni Boccaccio's Dekameron

jan "Michael F." pali e ni. [1]

toki musi pimeja pi jan lili

pilin ike
mi lon pimeja.
waso ike li tawa sike lon lawa mi.
pipi jaki li moku lili e noka mi.
mi wile e pini.

wan taso
ijo li moku e mi.
mi wile pakala.
pimeja li tawa insa kon mi.
jan ala li ken sona e pilin ike mi.
telo pimeja ni li telo loje mi, li ale mi.
tenpo ale la pimeja li lon.

jan Pije li pali e ni. [8]

soweli pi poki sinpin

soweli pi poki sinpin li lon ma Oselija. ona li lon ma supa. ona li anpa e sinpin ona li kama jo e kasi kepeken uta. ona li sewi e sinpin ona li moku e kasi. kasi li pona tawa ona. taso jan li kama jo e soweli ni la ona li ken moku e kili.

luka ona li suli ala. taso noka ona li suli li wawa. ona li wile tawa mute la ona li kepeken noka taso. monsi linja ona li suli li wawa. soweli pi poki sinpin li ken anpa lon monsi linja ona li utala kepeken noka wawa. jan li wile utala e ona la ona li ken utala e jan.

meli pi soweli ni li jo e poki lon sinpin ona. ni li nasa. soweli sin li kama lon tan mama la ona li lili sama pipi suli. ona li pilin e kon pi telo mama tan poki insa. tan ni la soweli lili li tawa poki. ona li moku lon poki insa li lape lon poki insa. mama li tawa lon ma la soweli lili li awen lon poki insa. soweli lili li tawa ala tan poki insa.

soweli lili li kama suli. tenpo mun tu li pini la soweli li tawa e lawa ona tan poki mama. ona li kama jo e kasi li moku. tenpo kama la ona li tawa tan poki tawa ma. ike li lon la ona li tawa weka tawa poki insa. soweli ike li ken ala kama jo e ona. ni li pona. soweli lili li pilin e ni. "mama mi li suli li wawa. ona li tomo mi."

soweli pi poki sinpin   kangaroo

jan Ote li pali e ni. [7]

toki!

mi li jan Nikita. ni li lipu mi pi toki pona. sina ken sona e toki ni la sina sona e toki pona. sina ken ala la o tawa lipu ni. ona li tomo pi toki pona en tomo pi nanpa wan! jan mute li toki e ni: toki pona li lili ike. ni li lon ala! lon la toki pona li lili. taso ona li lili ike ala. jan li ken toki kepeken toki pona. jan li ken pali e toki musi kepeken ona. mi pali e toki musi mute. sina ken lukin e ona lon lipu ni.

jan Pije li pali e ni. [8]

jan Kitopokolonpo

ni li tenpo suno pi jan Kitopokolonpo (Christopher Columbus). jan Kitopokolonpo li suli li pona tawa ma Elopa.

jan Kitopokolonpo li jo e jan sama mute. jan li pana ala e sona tawa ona. taso ona li lukin sona e toki awen mute li kama sona kepeken nasin ni.

telo suli li pona tawa jan Kolonpo. taso jan li utala lon telo. jan Kolonpo li lon tomo tawa telo la jan Kanse li utala e tomo tawa ona! tomo tawa li tawa anpa. jan Kolonpo li jo ala e tomo tawa li tawa lon telo.

jan Kolonpo li tawa ma tomo Lisapon. ona li pali e sitelen ma. ona li kin tawa ma Elopa mute kepeken tomo tawa telo.

jan Elopa li sona e ni: jan pi ma Asija (Asians) li jo e mani mute. taso ni li ike: jan li wile tawa ma Asija la ona li tawa mute kin. sina tawa lon poka pi ma Apika. ni li ike.

jan Kolonpo li toki e ni: "mi wile ala tawa lon poka pi ma Apika. mi wile ala tawa kepeken nasin ni. mi ken tawa nasin ante."

jan Kolonpo li tawa jan lawa pi ma Potuke li toki e ni: "mi ken tawa ma Asija kepeken nasin ante. mi ken kama jo e mani mute li ken pana e mani tawa sina. taso mi wile e tomo tawa telo. sina pana ala pana e tomo tawa telo tawa mi?" jan lawa pi ma Potuke li pilin e ni: jan Kolonpo li nasa. ona li pana ala e mani tawa jan Kolonpo.

jan Kolonpo li toki e ijo sama tawa jan lawa pi ma Epanja. jan lawa ni li pana e mani tawa jan Kolonpo. pona! jan Kolonpo li jo e tomo tawa Ninja e tomo tawa Pinta e tomo tawa Santamalija.

tenpo suli la jan Kolonpo li tawa. "ma Asija li lon anu seme?" jan pali ona li toki e ni: "mi mute li jo ala e moku mute! sina tawa ala ma Elopa la mi mute li moli e sina!" taso jan Kolonpo li tawa...

ona li lukin e ma Amelika! pona mute! jan Elopa mute li kama tawa ma sin ni. jan Kolonpo li suli mute.

jan Kitopokolonpo   Christopher Columbus

jan Pije li pali e ni. [8]

sina suno mi

sina suno mi.
a! sina suno mi.
sina lon la
mi pilin pona.
sina sona ala
e olin suli mi.
o weka ala e suno mi!

sina suno mi.   You are My Sunshine.

jan Kulisa li pali e ni. [3]

jan lawa

mi pana ala tawa sina.
o pana e mani tawa mi!
mi jo e kiwen pona mute.
o pana e mani tawa mi!
mi jo ala e sona mute.
o pali e toki mi!
tenpo ali la mi pali e ike.
o pali e toki mi!
o tawa e utala.
o olin e mi!
mi moku e pan pi ma sina.
o olin e mi!

jan "Michael F." pali e ni. [1]

mi seme e jan telo nasa?

mi seme e jan telo nasa?
mi seme e jan telo nasa?
mi seme e jan telo nasa
lon tenpo suno ni?

ilo li kama sewi!
ilo li kama sewi!
ilo li kama sewi
lon tenpo suno ni!

mi seme e jan telo nasa?   What Shall We Do With The Drunken Sailor?

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

jan Toni Kena

jan Toni Kena li sona e ni:
mi olin e ona. jan Toni li sona.
jan Toni Kena li sona e ni:
mi olin e ona.

jan Toni Kena   Tony Chestnut

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

sina pona pilin la o luka!

sina pona pilin la o luka!
sina pona pilin la o luka!
sina toki e ijo pi pilin pona sina
la o toki kepeken luka!

sina pona pilin la ...   If You are Happy ...

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

jan laso lili

jan laso o
kalama suli!
soweli sina
li lon ma kili.
jan soweli
li lon seme a?
ona li lape
li kute ala.

jan laso lili   If Little Boy Blue

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

kala li kalama la ma kala li kama!

kala li kalama la ma kala li kama!
kala ma li kama la ma kala li kama ala!
ma kala li kalama la kala ma li kala ala!
kala li kama kala ma la ma kala li ma ala!

A tongue twister (substitute for Peter Piper)

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

tenpo pini la ma ni li lon ala.

tenpo pini la ma ni li lon ala. ale li pilin li lape. ale li lape la jan lili Elu li pali e ma. ona mute li tawa e kiwen lili pi kule ale. taso kiwen mute ni li suli tawa jan lili Elu. nena mute li lon. taso ona mute li awen pali li sona e ni: ona mute li pali e ma pi lon ale. tenpo kama la kiwen lili li lon insa ale. ala li lon insa pi kiwen lili li jo e ale. jan lili Elu li tawa e kiwen lili li kalama. kalama pi ona ale li lon insa pi kiwen lili ale. tenpo ni la kalama pi jan lili Elu li lon insa sina. ala en ale li lon insa pi soweli ale. ala en ale li lon.

A creation myth.

jan Elu   elf

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

jan li toki e ni.

jan li toki e ni: jan ala li ken pali sama ona!
jan li toki e ni: jan ala li pali suli sama ona!
jan li toki e ni: jan ala li pali wawa mute sama ona!
jan li kama sona e ni: ona li jan ilo la jan li pilin e ni. ni li ken ala!

"The Most Successful Man in the World" by Daniel Slaten

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

jan wile

mi mije li jo ala e meli. mi sin tawa ma tomo ni. tenpo ala la mi jo e meli. sijelo mi li ike ala. mi wile olin e meli.

mi mije. mi wile e jan pona. anu mi wile e ni: jan li ken pana e sona pi ma tomo ni, tawa mi.

mi mije li wile moku li wile lukin e sitelen tawa poka jan. sitelen tawa ale li pona.

mi mije li ken pali pona e moku tawa sina.

mi wile tawa ma pi tomo tawa kon. jan wan en poki li tawa.

"The Seeker" by Joey To

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

meli pi pana moku

meli pi pana moku li tawa mije li toki e ni: "sina wile e seme?"
mije li lukin sewi ala li toki e ni: "mi wile moku taso." lawa ona li anpa.
"sina wile e moku seme?"
"mi wile moku sike."
meli li pilin e ni: "mije ike pi kute ala li lukin ala e mi a!" ona li pana lili e telo uta tawa moku pi mije pini ona.

"Customer Service" by Rachel Burns

meli pi pana moku   waitress

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

ale li jo e tenpo.

ale li jo e tenpo ona.
tan ale kin li jo e tenpo, lon anpa sewi.

tenpo pi lon sin, tenpo moli
tenpo pali, tenpo moku
tenpo pakala, tenpo pona
tenpo musi, tenpo ike

tenpo pali sin, tenpo pakala
tenpo tawa, tenpo awen
tenpo pi kiwen ala, tenpo pi kulupu kiwen

tenpo ike, tenpo olin
tenpo utala, tenpo pona
tenpo pi ken pilin, tenpo pi ken ala pilin

tenpo sewi, tenpo anpa
tenpo pakala, tenpo pona
tenpo ike, tenpo olin
tenpo pona li ken kama sin a.

"Turn, Turn, Turn" Pete Seeger

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

jan Mawi li pana e seli tawa ma.

tenpo pimeja wan la jan Mawi li anpa lon poka pi seli ona li lukin e seli. seli li tawa nasa li tawa musi. jan Mawi li pilin e ni: "seli li kama tan seme?" jan Mawi li jan pi wile sona. tenpo pimeja la jan ante li lape la jan Mawi li tawa ma ale li telo e seli ale. seli li lon ala. jan Mawi li tawa tomo ona li awen.

tenpo suno kama la jan ale li kalama mute. mama wan li toki e ni: "mi ken seli e moku kepeken nasin seme? seli li lon ala!" mama ante li toki e ni: "mi awen seli lon tenpo pimeja lete kepeken nasin seme?" jan ale li toki e ni: "seli li lon ala la mi ale li ken ala lon!"

jan pi ma tomo li ike pilin mute. ona li toki e ni tawa jan lawa Talana: "mi mute li pali e seme?" jan lawa Talana li toki e ni: "jan li wile tawa meli sewi suli Mapuwika li wile kama jo e seli tan ona." jan ala li wile tawa meli Mapuwika tan ni: meli Mapuwika li lon nena suli seli. taso jan Mawi li tawa meli Mapuwika. ona li pona pilin lon insa tan ni: ona li ken kama sona e tan pi seli ale. jan lawa Talana li toki e ni. "tawa pona! pali pona! meli Mapulika li mama pi kulupu mama sina. taso sina ike tawa ona la ona li ike tawa sina." jan Mawi li toki e ni tawa mama ona: "mi tawa meli mama suli Mapuwika li pana e seli tawa ma."

jan Mawi li tawa nena suli seli lon pini ma kepeken toki pi mama ona. ona li lukin e lupa lon anpa nena. ona li toki sewi kepeken kalama lili tan ni: ona li wile awen lon. taso ona li tawa lupa la ijo suli wawa li lon.

meli sewi Mapuwika li tawa sewi. sijelo ona li seli. linja lawa ona li seli. luka ona li open. oko ona li lon ala li lupa pimeja taso. ona li kama jo e kon. ona li toki e ni: "sina lon tomo mi a. jan ma ni li jan seme?" jan Mawi li toki e ni: "mi jan Mawi pi jan Talana." meli Mapuwika li toki suli e ni. "a! sina jan Mawi pi jan Talana anu seme?" "a! jan sama ale mi li suli tawa mi. mi jan Mawi Sikisiki A Talana." meli Mapuwika li toki e ni. "o sina kama pona tawa ma pi seli ale! jan lili pi jan lili mi o, kama pona." meli Mapuwika li tawa jan Mawi li kama jo e kon ona. jan Mawi li awen. taso seli pi meli Mapuwija li seli mute! meli Mapuwija li toki e ni: "sina kama tan seme?" jan Mawi li toki e ni: "seli li lon ala ma. mi kama tan ni: mi wile e seli." meli Mapuwika li kute pona e toki pi jan Mawi li toki musi e nimi. "a a a!" ona li pana e selo pi palisa luka wan tawa jan Mawi. ona li toki e ni: "o pana e seli ni tawa kulupu sina. o pilin e ni: seli ni li suli sama mi." jan Mawi li jo e selo seli li tawa weka.

jan Mawi li tawa lon nasin la ona li pilin e ni: "meli Mapuwika li jo ala e seli la ona li kama jo e seli sin tan ma seme?" jan Mawi li jan pi wile sona. ona li weka e selo lon telo tawa li tawa tomo pi meli Mapuwika. jan Mawi li toki e ni: "mi tawa li anpa a. o pana e selo sin tawa mi." meli Mapuwika li pona pilin. tenpo suli la ona li toki ala tawa jan. jan Mawi li pona tawa ona. ona li pana e selo sin tawa jan Mawi.

taso jan Mawi li telo e selo ni kin li tawa meli Mapuwika li toki e ni: "mi tawa lon telo tawa la kala li pana e telo tawa seli mi." meli Mapuwika li pana e selo sin li pilin ala e ni: jan Mawi li toki e ijo pi lon ala.

jan Mawi li awen pali sama ni. meli Mapuwika li pana e selo ale pi palisa luka ona e selo mute pi palisa noka ona. jan Mawi li kama sin li wile e selo sin la meli Mapuwika li ike pilin mute. ona li sona e ni: jan Mawi li toki e ijo pi lon ala. ona li weka anpa e selo wan pi palisa noka.

seli li sike e jan Mawi. jan Mawi li tawa weka. ona li kama waso wawa li tawa sewi. taso seli li suli mute li seli e anpa pi selo ona. jan Mawi li tawa telo tawa li kama kala. taso seli li seli wawa e telo. jan Mawi li toki tawa mama Tapilimateja pi tenpo pini. "jan sewi wawa pi kon en sewi o pana e pona tawa mi!"

kon mute li kama li pana wawa e telo mute, tawa ma, tawa seli. nena suli pi meli Mapuwika li seli ala. meli Mapuwika li jo ala e wawa mute. taso ona li awen pali. ona li weka e selo seli pini tawa jan Mawi. selo li tawa ala jan Mawi li tawa kasi. ona li lon insa kasi Mapo li lon kasi Totala li lon kasi Patete li lon kasi Pukateja li lon kasi Kawikomako. kasi ni li pona pilin li pilin e ni: seli pi meli Mapuwika li ijo suli.

jan Mawi li tawa ma tomo ona la ona li jo ala e seli. taso ona li jo e luka pi kasi Kawimako li pana e sona pi open seli tawa jan pi ma tomo. jan pi ma tomo li pona pilin mute tan ni: ona li ken seli e moku li ken awen seli lon tenpo pimeja lete.

jan Mawi li jan sona. taso ante li kama la ken la jan Mawi li moli. selo anpa pi waso wawa Kapu pi ma Ajotejalowa li loje tan ni: tenpo pini la jan Mawi li ken moli.

ni li toki ni: jan Mawi li pana e seli tawa ma.

jan Mawi li pana e seli tawa ma.   How Maui brought fire to the world.

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

kasi kule loje lili

tenpo pini la kasi kule lili li lon tomo lili pimeja pi lon anpa ma. tenpo suno wan la ona taso li lon ni. ala li tawa. ona li kute e kalama "TAPU TAPU TAPU" tan lupa tomo. ona li toki e ni: "seme li lon?" ijo li toki e ni: "telo sewi li lon. mi wile e ni: mi lon insa pi tomo sina." kasi kule lili li toki e ni: "o lon ala insa pi tomo mi." tenpo suli la ala li tawa. kasi kule lili li kute e kalama "LASU ISUPA ISUPA". kasi kule lili li toki e ni: "seme li lon?" ijo li toki e ni: "suno li lon. mi wile e ni: mi lon insa pi tomo sina." kasi kule lili li toki e ni: "o lon ala insa pi tomo mi." tenpo sin la ona li tawa ala. ona li tawa ala li kute e kalama "TAPU TAPU TAPU" e kalama "LASU ISUPA ISUPA". kasi kule lili li toki e ni kepeken kalama mute: "seme li lon?" ijo tu li toki e ni: "telo sewi en suno li lon. mi tu li wile e ni: mi tu li lon insa pi tomo sina!" kasi kule lili li toki e ni. "a! sina tu li lon! mi wile e ni: sina tu li lon insa pi tomo mi." kasi kule lili li open lili e lupa tomo. telo sewi en suno li lon insa pi tomo ona. telo sewi li kama jo e luka wan pi kasi kule lili. suno li kama jo e luka ante pi kasi kule lili. ona tu li tawa sewi li lon sewi ma. ona tu li toki e ni tawa kasi kule lili: "o kama! o tawa sewi!" kasi kule lili li tawa sewi li lon sewi ma. ona li lon insa pi ma kasi pona. tenpo pi seli lili li lon. lawa pi kasi ante ali li lon sewi ma. kasi kule lili li kasi kule pona a!

kasi kule loje lili   The Little Pink Rose

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

jan lawa lete

meli ike pi mani ala li jo e meli lili tu. ona li pana e ijo mute tawa meli lili ona. taso ona li pana e ike taso tawa meli lili pi jan ante. ona li pilin e ni: meli ona li pona. meli pi jan ante li ike li pali e ike ale. tenpo mute la meli lili pi jan ante li ike pilin. oko ona li telo li loje. mama meli li ike kin! mama meli li toki e ni tawa mama mije pi meli lili: "jan pi sin ala o weka e ona. mi wile ala lukin e ona li wile ala kute e toki ona. o weka e ona tan tomo ni."

mama mije li wile awen e meli lili ona. taso meli ike li wile wawa weka e ona. mije li ken ala toki utala tawa meli ona la ona li pana e meli lili ona tawa poki tawa li tawa ma suli. mije li weka e meli lili ona lon ni li pana ala e len seli tawa ona. ona li uta lili e meli lili ona li tawa weka. oko ona li telo. taso ona li lukin monsi ala.

meli lili li tawa selo pi ma kasi li anpa lon poka kasi li telo tan oko. ona li lukin sewi tan kalama. ona li lukin e jan lawa lete. jan lawa lete li tawa sewi pi kasi wan li tawa sewi pi kasi ante. ona li lon kasi pi meli lili la ona li anpa. ona li kama e lete lon sinpin pi meli lili li toki e ni: "sina sona ala sona e mi? mi jan lawa lete."

meli lili li toki e ni: "jan lawa wawa o, sina pona!" uta ona li lupa lukin. "sina tawa ala tawa e mi?"

jan lawa lete li toki e ni: "meli pona o, sina seli ala seli?"

meli lili li toki e ni: "seli. jan lawa lete o, mi seli mute." taso selo ona li tawa lili.

jan lawa lete li kama e lete lon poka ona. kon li lete mute. ona li toki sin e ni: "meli pona o, sina seli ala seli?"

uta pi meli lili li ken ala tawa suli. ona li toki e ni: "jan lawa lete o, mi seli."

jan lawa lete li kama e lete suli wawa. kon li lete mute kin! oko ona li suno musi. ona li toki e ni: "meli pona o, sina seli ala seli? tenpo ni la sina awen ala awen seli?"

meli lili li ken ala toki mute tan lete. taso ona li kama jo e kon lili li toki e ni: "jan lawa lete o, mi awen seli."

meli lili li awen pona li toki utala ala. tan ni la jan lawa lete li pana e pona tawa ona. ona li len e meli lili kepeken len mani suli pi kiwen walo en kiwen jelo. meli lili li suno mute li pona lukin. jan lawa lete li pana e ona tawa poki tawa ona li pana e len seli soweli tawa ona. soweli suli luka wan li tawa e poki tawa ona kepeken tenpo lili.

mama meli ike li lon tomo li pali e moku sike. ona li weka e sijelo pi meli lili la ona li wile jo e moku mute. ona li toki e ni tawa mije ona: "o tawa ma suli. o kama jo e sijelo pi meli lili sina." mije li kama tawa.

taso soweli pi lon anpa supa li mu e ni tawa ona: "meli lili sina li moli ala. meli lili ona li moli wawa."

meli ike li pakala e soweli li pana e moku sike tawa ona. meli li toki e ni: "o toki e ni tawa mije mi: "meli lili sina li moli lete. meli lili ona li jo e mani mute."

soweli li pini moku la ona li mu e ni tawa meli ike: "meli lili ona li jo e mije. meli lili sina li moli lete."

meli ike li pakala sin e soweli li pana e moku sin tawa ona. taso ni li suli ala tawa soweli. ona li awen mu sama. lupa tomo li open. poki suli pi mani jelo mute li tawa insa tomo. meli lili pona li kama. ona li jo e len suno pona. mama tu li lukin e ona.

mama meli ike li sona e kama la ona li toki e ni tawa mije ona: "tenpo pini la sina weka e meli lili sina tawa ma suli. o weka e meli lili mi tawa ma suli sama." mije li weka e meli lili li tawa tomo ona.

tenpo lili la jan lawa lete li kama. ona li toki e ni: "meli lili o, sina seli ala seli?"

meli lili li toki utala e ni: "noka mi en luka mi li lete kin! sina sona ala e ni la sina jan nasa!"

jan lawa lete li tawa musi lon poka ona li kama e lete li awen toki e ni: "meli lili o, sina seli ala seli?"

meli lili li kalama utala li toki e nimi ike tawa jan lawa lete. jan lawa lete li lete e nimi pi lon uta ona. ona li moli lete.

mama meli li awen lon tomo. ona li toki e ni tawa mije ona: "o kama jo e meli lili mi. taso o kama jo e poki suli mani kin."

soweli pi lon anpa supa li mu e ni: "meli lili sina li lete li moli li wile ala e poki suli mani."

meli ike li pakala e soweli. lupa tomo li open. ona li tawa meli lili ona li tawa mani ona. ona li jo e sijelo lete kepeken luka. lete sijelo li moli e meli ike kin.

jan lawa lete   King Frost

jan Mali pali e ni. [5]

kala kule mute

insa pi telo suli la kala kule mute li wan li jo e selo pona mute. tenpo la kala laso lili li toki e ni: "sina wile ala wile pana e wan pi selo suno sina tawa mi?" kala kule mute li toki e ni: "ala!" kala ante li tawa weka tan ona. kala kule mute li wan.

ona li tawa lukin e kala luka mute li lukin kute e toki pona. kala luka mute li toki e ni: "o pana e selo suno sina. nasin ni la sina jo ala e selo pona mute. taso sina pilin pona." kala kule mute li toki e ni: "mi ken ala pali e ni!"

tenpo nanpa tu la kala laso lili li kama li toki e ni: "mi wile e wan pi selo suno sina. mi ken ala ken jo e wan?" kala kule mute li toki e ni: ona li ken pana e wan lili taso tawa kala laso lili. kala kule mute li pilin pona kin tan ni: kala laso lili li pilin pona kin. a! ona li pana e selo suno ona tawa kala ante. taso ona li awen e wan. ona li jo e kala pona kin. kulupu kala tawa la ona li pilin pona mute a.

kala kule mute   The Rainbow Fish

jan "Marcus Pfister" pali e ni. jan Sasin li sitelen e ni, kepeken toki pona.

Tokiponization Guidelines

To create the Toki Pona version of a foreign name, you may use the following guidelines. Also see Alphabet and sounds (Page [*]) for rules on what Toki Pona syllables and words are possible. You can find a tool for transliterate of names in tokipona.net [13].

Syllables of Unoffial Words

Phonetic Guidelines


Unofficial Words

Continents

ma Amelika   the Americas
ma Amelika lete   North America
ma Amelika seli   South America
ma Antasika   Antarctica
ma Apika   Africa
ma Asija   Asia
ma Elopa   Europe

Countries and National Languages

Akanisan   Afghanistan
*Alan   Ireland, Irish Gaelic
Alensina   Argentina
*Anku   Korea, Korean
Antola   Andorra
*Awisi   Haiti, Haitian Creole
Ekato   Ecuador
*Elena   Greece, Greek
*Epanja   Spain, Spanish
*Esi   Estonia, Estonian
*Esuka   Basque Country, Basque
Ilakija   Iraq
*Ilan   Iran, Persian
*Inli   England, English
*Intonesija   Indonesia, Indonesian
Isale   Israel
*Isilan   Iceland, Icelandic
*Italija   Italy, Italian
Jamanija   Yemen
*Kalalinuna   Greenland, Greenlandic
Kana   Ghana
Kanata   Canada
*Kanse   France, French
Katala   Qatar
*Katelo   Georgia, Georgian
Katemala   Guatemala
Kenata   Grenada
Kepeka   Quebec
Keposi   Cyprus
Kilipasi   Kiribati
*Kinla   Wales, Welsh
Konko (pi ma tomo Kinsasa)   Congo, Dem. Rep.
Konko (pi ma tomo Pasawi)   Congo, P. Rep.
Kosalika   Costa Rica
Kosiwa   Côte d'Ivoire
Kupa   Cuba
*Kusala   Gujarat, Gujarati
Kuwasi   Kuweit
Lanka   Sri Lanka
*Lesi   Brittany, Breton
Lipija   Libya
Lisensan   Liechtenstein
*Lomani   Romania, Romanian
*Losi   Russia, Russian
*Lowasi   Croatia, Croatian
*Lowenki   Slovakia, Slovak
*Lowensina   Slovenia, Slovenian
Lunpan   Lebanon
*Lusepu   Luxemburg
Luwanta   Rwanda
*Maketonija   Macedonia
*Malakasi   Madagascar, Malagasy
*Malasija   Malaysia, Malay
Malawi   Malawi
Mali   Mali
Malipe   Morocco
*Masija   Hungary, Hungarian
Masu   Egypt
Mesiko   Mexico
Mewika   USA, American
Mijama   Myanmar
Motowa   Moldova
Mulitanija   Mauritania
Namipija   Namibia
Naselija   Nigeria
*Netelan   Netherlands, Dutch
*Nijon   Japan, Japanese
Nise   Niger
*Nosiki   Norway, Norwegian Bokmål
Nusilan   New Zealand
Ontula   Honduras
Osalasi   Austria
Oselija   Australia
Pakisan   Pakistan
Palakawi   Paraguay
Palani   Bahrein
Palata   India
Panama   Panama
*Panla   Bangladesh, Bengali
Papeto   Barbados
Papuwanijukini   Papua New Guinea
Pasila   Brasil
Pawama   Bahamas
*Pelalusi   Belarus, Belarussian
Pelu   Peru
Pemuta   Bermuda
Penesuwela   Venezuela
Penin   Benin
Pesije   Belgium
*Pilipina   Philipines, Tagalog
Pilisin   Palestine
Pisi   Fiji
Piten   Britain, UK
*Pokasi   Bulgaria, Bulgarian
*Posan   Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnian
*Posuka   Poland, Polish
*Potuke   Portugal, Portugese
Samalino   San Marino
*Sameka   Jamaica, Jamaican Patoi
Samowa   Samoa
Sasali   Algeria
*Sawa   Java, Javanese
*Sawasi   Swaziland
*Seki   Czech (Republic)
Seneka   Senegal
Setapika   South Africa
Sile   Chile
Sinita   Trinidad and Tobago
Sipusi   Djibouti
*Sonko   China, Chinese
*Sopisi   Serbia, Serbian
*Sukosi   Scotland, Scots
Sulija   Syria
*Sumi   Finland, Finnish
Sutan   Sudan
Suwasi   Switzerland, Swiss
*Tansi   Denmark, Danish
*Tawi   Thailand, Thai
Toko   Togo
Tominika   Dominican Republic
*Tona   Tonga, Tongan
*Tosi   Germany, German
*Tuki   Turkey, Turkish
Tunisi   Tunisia
Tuwalu   Tuvalu
Ukanta   Uganda
*Ukawina   Ukraine, Ukrainian
Ulukawi   Uruguay
Uman   Oman
Utun   Jordan
Wanuwatu   Vanuatu
Wasikano   Vatican
*Wensa   Sweden, Swedish
*Wije   Vietnam, Vietnamese

If a nation has a * beside it, that means that the word can also be used to describe that nation's language.

Other Languages

These are languages which don't belong to a specific nation, and so they can't be named after the country that they developed from.

toki Alapi   Arabic
toki Apikan   Afrikaans
toki Awasa   Hausa
toki Epelanto   Esperanto
toki Ewantalu   Ewantal
toki Inli pona   Basic English
toki Insi   Hindi
toki Intelinka   Interlingua
toki Inu   Inupiaq, Inuktitut, Eskimo
toki Ipo   Igbo
toki Ito   Ido
toki Iwisi   Hebrew
toki Jolupa   Yoruba
toki Kalike   Scots Gaelic
toki Kantun   Cantonese
toki Kisawili   Swahili
toki Kuwenja   Quenya, Elvish
toki Lolan   Loglan
toki Loma   Latin
toki Losupan   Lojban
toki Lunasimi   Quechua
toki Malasi   Marathi
toki Nosiki sin   Norwegian Nynorsk
toki Olapu   Volapük
toki Pansapi   Punjabi
toki Pasiki   Fyksian
toki Pasuto   Pashto
toki Pitaha   Pirahã
toki pona   Toki Pona
toki Sami   Laplander
toki Sankitu   Sanskrit
toki Sinan   Klingon
toki Tamasiko   Berber, Tamazight
toki Tami   Tamil
toki Teluku   Telugu
toki Utu   Urdu

Religions

nasin sewi Jawatu   Judaism
nasin sewi Kolisu   Christianity
nasin pona Latapali   Rastafarianism
nasin pona   Taoism
nasin sewi Puta   Buddhism
nasin sewi Silami   Islam


Thematic Vocabulary

Body

sijelo   body
anpa lawa   neck, throat
anpa pi sinpin lawa   chin
ko jaki   shit, feces, pooh
ko jaki lon nena sinpin   boogers
kule lon palisa luka   nail polish
linja (lawa)   hair
linja lili oko   eyebrows, eyelashes
linja sinpin   beard, facial hair
linja uta   moustache
luka   hand, arm
lupa   hole, orifice
lupa jaki   anus
lupa kute   ear
lupa meli   vagina
lupa monsi   anus
lupa nena   nostrils
lupa pi telo jelo   urethra
monsi   back, behind, butt
nena (lawa)   nose
nena lili pi nena mama   nipples
nena lili (unpa) meli   clitoris
nena mama, nena meli   breasts
noka   foot, leg
olin e meli   to love women
olin e mije   to love men
olin e meli e mije   to love women and men
oko   eye
palisa lili noka   toes
palisa luka   finger
palisa mije   penis
palisa uta   tongue
pana e ko jaki   to pooh, to shit
pana e telo jelo   to pee, to urinate
pilin   heart
poki kon   lungs
sewi monsi   upper back, shoulders
sewi pi sinpin lawa   forehead
sinpin (lawa)   face
telo e mi   to shower
telo jaki lon nena sinpin   snot
telo jelo   urine, pee
telo loje   blood
telo (loje) mun   menses
uta   mouth
walo uta   teeth
wan sijelo   body part
oko sina li pona lukin   you have beautiful eyes
oko mi li lukin pona   my eyes see well

Buildings

tomo   buildings
tomo mani   bank
tomo moku   grocery store, restaurant
tomo pi telo en moku pana.   restaurant
tomo pali   work(place), office, factory, etc.
tomo sona   school, university
tomo unpa   brothel, sex house

Clothing

len   clothes, article of clothing, cloth, fabric
len lawa   hat, hood, bonnet, headdress

Colours

kule   colour
walo   white, light
pimeja   black, dark
loje   red
jelo   yellow, light green
laso   blue, blue-green
loje walo   light red, pink
laso pimeja   dark blue
pimeja laso   blueish black
loje laso (pimeja)   (dark) blueish red, purple
len ni li kule seme?   What colour is this article of clothing?

Drugs

ilo nasa   drugs
ilo lape   sleeping pill
ilo lape soweli   animal tranquilizer or anesthetic, e.g. ketamine
ilo nasa wawa   energy-giving drug, e.g. amphetamine
kepeken kasi nasa   to smoke pot
kepeken ike e ilo nasa   to abuse drugs
kepeken lili e ilo nasa   to use drugs in moderation
ko (walo) wawa   cocaine
moku e telo nasa   to drink alcohol
moku lili   pill
moku lili pi pilin pona mute   strong euphoric drug taken orally, e.g. MDMA
pilin nasa   drunk, high
telo nasa   alcohol, e.g. beer, wine, whisky
telo nasa wawa   vodka, whisky,
telo nasa pi wawa ala   weak beer, US American beer
kasi nasa   intoxicating plant, e.g. marijuana
kasi sona   intoxicating plant used in meditation, e.g. marijuana
telo seli wawa   coffee
tenpo suno sin ale la sina moku e telo seli pimeja   Every morning I drink coffee.
telo wawa   energy drink
sitelen lape   dreams

Family

kulupu mama   family
mama   mother, father, parent
kulupu mama   family
mama meli   mother
mama mije   father
mama mama   grandparent
jan olin   significant other, partner
meli (olin)   wife, girlfriend
mije (olin)   husband, boyfriend
jan sama   sister, brother, sibling
meli sama   sister
mije sama   brother
jan lili   child, daughter, son
meli lili   daughter
mije lili   son

Feelings

pilin   feelings
sina pilin seme?   how are you? how are you feeling?
a a a!   ha ha ha!
ale li pona   all is well, I feel calm, I am at peace
awen pona   patient
kama olin   fall in love with
kepeken utala   to use violence
lawa e pilin   to master one's feelings, be composed
lukin   aware, attentive
mi olin e sina   I love you
olin   to love (a person)
(ona) li ike   (she/he/it) is bad, I don't like (her/him/it)
(ona) li pona   (he/she/it) is good, I like (him/her/it)
pali e ike tawa   to do bad things to, to show disrespect for
pana e kon (pi pilin) pona   to laugh
pana e pilin pona tawa   to send positivity to, make feel good
pana e telo oko   to cry, weep
pilin   feelings, emotions, to feel, heart
pilin ala   indifferent, unfeeling
pilin e ike jan   to pity somebody, feel bad for somebody
pilin e moli jan   to mourn somebody
pilin e weka jan   to miss somebody
pilin ike   to feel bad, sad, depressed, unhappy, bitter, discontented, grumpy
pilin ike tan   be afraid of, sad because of, regret, be offended by
pilin ike tawa   to have negative feelings for, be upset at, angry at, hate, resent
pilin ike wawa   to have intense negative feelings, be pissed off, furious
pilin nasa   to feel silly, strange, weird, crazy, drunk, high
pilin pona   to feel good, happy, content, enjoy oneself, comfortable
pilin pona mute   to feel great, amazing, awesome
pilin pona tan   to feel good because of, to enjoy
pilin wawa   to feel strong, energetic, excited, confident, proud
pona e pilin jan   cheer up, make somebody happy
toki ike   to say negative things
toki ike lon   to say bad things about, complain about
toki ike tawa   to say bad things to, insult, speak rudely to
toki pona   to say nice things
toki pona lon   to say good things about, praise
toki pona tawa   to say nice things to, compliment
toki utala tawa   to argue with, criticize
weka e ike jan   forgive somebody
wile   to want, desire, would like, hope
wile e pona tawa jan   to wish somebody well
wile ike   to have negative intentions, malevolent
wile lape   to be tired, sleepy, wanting to rest
wile lawa   to be dominant
wile moku   to be hungry
mile moku e telo   to be thirsty
wile moli   suicidal
wile moli e jan   homicidal, wanting to murder
wile mute   to crave, really want
wile mute ike   to want too much, greedy
wile pali e ijo   bored, wanting to do something
wile pana e pona (tawa jan)   helpful (to someone)
wile pona   to have good intentions, mean well
wile unpa   horny, lustful

Food

moku   food, meal, to eat, to drink
moku e telo   to drink
wile moku   hungry
wile moku e telo   thirsty
ilo moku   utensil, fork, spoon, knife, etc.
kala   fish, seafood
kala lete   raw fish, sushi
kasi   herb, plant
kasi wawa   spice
kili   fruit, vegetable
kili lili kiwen   nut
kili palisa   long fruit or vegetable, e.g. carrot, banana, cucumber
moku lili   snack, small ingestible item
moku suwi   sweets, candy, chololate, etc.
moku telo   liquid food, e.g. soup
moku walo   whiteish food, e.g. rice
pana e moku tawa   to feed, nourish
poki   glass, cup, bottle, bowl, container
poki lete   refrigerator
poki seli   oven, microwave
tenpo moku   mealtime
tomo moku   dining room, kitchen, grocery store, restaurant
kili   vegetable, fruit
kili lili   small vegetable, fruit, e.g. berry, olive
kili loje   reddish fruit or vegetable, e.g. tomato
kili ma   earth vegetable, e.g. potato
kili suwi   (sweet) fruit
pona moku   delicious, tasty
sike mama waso   egg
soweli   meat from a mammal, e.g. beef, pork
supa moku   dinner table
telo   water, beverage, liquid, sauce
telo kili   juice
telo kiwen   ice
telo mama soweli   cow milk
telo nasa   intoxicating liquid, e.g. alcohol
telo seli   hot beverage, e.g. coffee
telo seli jelo   green tea
telo seli wawa   coffee
telo pi lape ala   coffee
telo seli pimeja pi lape ala   coffee
mi wile sin e telo pi lape ala.   I need more coffee.
telo wawa   energy drink
waso   chicken, poultry

Household Things

ijo lon tomo   household things
ilo musi   toy, thing used for entertainment
ilo pi sitelen toki   pen, pencil
ilo pi sitelen tawa   TV
ilo sona   smart tool or machine, e.g. computer
ilo suno   lamp
ilo toki   communications device, e.g. telephone, online chat
kule lon palisa luka   nail polish
lipu toki   paper with written information, document, text, book
lupa (tomo)   window, door
poki lete   refrigerator
poki seli   oven, microwave
poki telo   sink, bathtub
supa lape   bed
supa lawa   pillow
supa monsi   chair, couch
supa pali   work desk
tomo lape   bedroom
tomo telo   bathroom
tomo unpa   bedroom, boudoir

Languages

toki   language
toki kepeken toki ...   to speak in a language
toki pona e toki   to speak a language well
sona e toki   to know, speak, understand a language
sona pona e toki   to master a language
lukin e toki   read
sitelen e toki   to write
toki sitelen   written language
sitelen toki   writing
toki nanpa wan   primary language

Occupations

pali   occupations
jan pali   worker, employee
jan lawa   leader, boss, master, chairperson, president, director
jan lawa ma   president of country, governor of state, premier of province
jan lawa pi ma tomo   mayor
jan pi kama sona   student
jan pi musi sijelo   athlete
jan (pi pali) moku   chef, cook
jan (pi pali) unpa   sex worker, prostitute
jan pi pana sona   teacher
jan pi pona pilin   good psychotherapist
jan pi pona sijelo   good doctor, healer
jan pi tomo pali   office worker, etc.
jan sona   knowledgeable person, wise person, educated person, academic, specialist
jan sona sijelo   doctor, physician
jan sona nanpa   mathematician
jan sona pilin   psychologist
lon tenpo pi pali ala   to be taking a sabbatical, break from work
lukin jo e pali   to be looking for a job
pali ala   not working
tomo pali   work(place), office, factory, etc.

People

jan   person, people, inhabitant, member
jan ike   bad person, jerk, negative person, enemy
jan kulupu   member of a group
jan lili   small, short, thin or young person, child
jan nasa   strange, foolish, unconventional or crazy person
jan olin   loved one
jan pona   good person, friend, positive person
jan pi ma ante   foreigner
jan pi ma sama   fellow citizen of same country or land
jan pi tomo sama   housemate, roommate
jan sama   similar person, counterpart, peer, person in same situation, sibling
jan suli   big, tall or fat person, adult
jan toki   speaker, messenger, person communicating

Personal Traits

jan li seme   personal traits
(ona) li seme?   what is (she/he) like?
ike lukin   ugly
jo e linja mute   to be hairy
jo e mani mute   to be rich
jo e pilin pona   to have positive feelings, be mentally healthy
jo e sijelo pona   to be (physically) healthy
lili   small, short, thin, young
nasa   crazy, foolish
nasa lukin   funny-looking
pona lukin   beautiful, pretty, handsome
suwi   sweet
suwi lukin   cute
sona mute   smart, intelligent, wise
suli   big, tall, fat

Religion

nasin sewi   religions
nasin sewi   religion, spiritual path
nasin sewi Patapali   Pastafari
nasin pona   Taoism, simple or good path
nasin pona Juju   Unitarian Universalism
nasin pona Lasapali   Rastafarianism
nasin sewi Jawatu   Judaism
nasin sewi Kolisu   Christianity
nasin sewi ma   earth religion, e.g. Native American beliefs
nasin sewi Puta   Buddhism
nasin sewi Silami   Islam

Sex

unpa   sex, to have sex, to fuck
ilo unpa   sex toy
jan pi jan unpa mute   promiscuous person
jan (pi pali) unpa   sex worker
jan unpa   sexual partner
jo ala e selo lon pini palisa   circumcised, cut
jo e selo lon pini palisa   uncircumcised, uncut
lupa   hole, orifice
lupa (meli)   vagina, pussy
lupa monsi   anus
kama   to come
kama jo e lupa meli   to get genital reconstruction surgery as a women, i.e. vaginoplasty
kama jo e palisa mije   to get genital reconstruction surgery as a man, i.e. metoidioplasty, phalloplasty
kama jo e sinpin lawa meli   to get facial feminization surgery
kama jo e sinpin mije   to get male chest reconstruction surgery
meli (insa)   person who identifies as female, e.g. male-to-female transsexual person
meli li lon sewi mije   woman on top
meli mije   masculine girl, butch, tomboy
meli unpa   female sexual partner
mije (insa)   person who identifies as male, e.g. female-to-male transsexual person
mije li lon sewi meli   missionary position
mije meli   feminine guy
mije unpa   male sexual partner
monsi   butt, ass
nena lili (unpa) meli   clitoris
nena meli   breasts
olin e jan mute   to be polyamorous
palisa   penis-shaped thing, e.g. dildo
palisa (mije)   penis
palisa tawa   vibrating dildo
palisa uta   tongue
pana e palisa lon lupa   to penetrate
pana e palisa uta lon   to lick
pana e telo (walo) mije   to ejaculate
uta e   to kiss, to osculate,
pana e uta lon palisa   to fellate
pana e uta lon lupa (meli)   to perform cunnilingus
pana wawa   BDSM
pilin   to feel, touch
pilin wawa (unpa)   orgasm
pini pi nena mama   nipples
pini palisa   glans, head of the penis
pona unpa   sexy, good in bed
selo lon pini palisa   foreskin
sike mije (tu)   testicles, balls
sitelen unpa   visual erotica, porn
telo (walo) mije   sperm, come
tomo unpa   sex place, e.g. bedroom, boudoir, brothel, etc.
unpa nasa   kinky sex
unpa sama soweli   doggy style
unpa uta   oral sex
wile unpa   horny
wile unpa e meli   to be sexually attracted to women
wile unpa e meli e mije   to be sexually attracted to women and men
wile unpa e mije   to be sexually attracted to men
unpa li pona   sex is good, I like sex
mi wile unpa e sina   I want to have sex with you
palisa sina li kiwen   your cock is hard
mi ken ala ken pilin e monsi sina?   may I touch your butt?
(mi meli.) mi olin e meli.   I am a lesbian
(mi mije.) mi olin e mije.   I am gay (male)

Time

tenpo   time
tenpo seme?   when?
tenpo ni   now
tenpo suno   day
tenpo pimeja   night
tenpo suno ni   today
tenpo suno kama   tomorrow
tenpo suno pini   yesterday
tenpo suno sin   morning
tenpo lili   soon, moment, briefly
tenpo suli   long time
tenpo mute   often, many times
tenpo kama   future
tenpo pini   past
tenpo ale   always, all the time
tenpo ala   never
tenpo mun   month
tenpo sike   year
tenpo sin   again
tenpo lete   winter
tenpo seli   summer
tenpo telo   rainy season
suno li lon   it is day
pimeja li lon   it is night
tenpo lili la mi wile weka   I must leave soon
tenpo seme la ona li kama lon tomo sina?   When is he coming to your house?
kulupu pi tenpo suno luka tu   days of the week
tenpo suno nanpa wan   Monday
tenpo suno nanpa tu   Tuesday
tenpo suno nanpa tu wan   Wednesday
tenpo suno nanpa tu tu   Thursday
tenpo suno nanpa luka   Friday
tenpo suno nanpa luka wan   Saturday
tenpo suno nanpa luka tu   Sunday
kulupu pi tenpo mun   Month
tenpo mun nanpa wan   January
tenpo mun nanpa tu   February
tenpo mun nanpa tu wan   March
tenpo mun nanpa tu tu   April
tenpo mun nanpa luka   May
tenpo mun nanpa luka wan   June
tenpo mun nanpa luka tu   July
tenpo mun nanpa luka tu wan   August
tenpo mun nanpa luka tu tu   September
tenpo mun nanpa luka luka   October
tenpo mun nanpa luka luka wan   November
tenpo mun nanpa luka luka tu   December

Towns

ma tomo   town
ma tomo lawa   capital
sina lon ma tomo seme?   What city do you live in?
sina lon ala lon ma tomo Wankuwa?   Do you live in Vancouver?
mi lon.   Yes, i do.
ma tomo Solu   Seoul (South Korea)
ma tomo Asina   Athens (Greece)
ma tomo Sakata   Jakarta (Indonesia)
ma tomo Telawi   Tel Aviv (Israel)
ma tomo Loma   Rome (Italy)
ma tomo Milano   Milan (Italy)
ma tomo Napoli   Naples (Italy)
ma tomo Pilense   Florence (Italy)
ma tomo Wenesija   Venice (Italy)
ma tomo Alawa   Ottawa (Canada)
ma tomo Towano   Toronto (Canada)
ma tomo Kakawi   Calgary (Canada)
ma tomo Monkela   Montreal (Canada)
ma tomo Alipasi   Halifax (Canada)
ma tomo Sensan   St. John's (Canada)
ma tomo Manten   Moncton (Canada)
ma tomo Sawi   Sackville (Canada)
ma tomo Sesija   Shediac (Canada)
ma tomo Sije   Dieppe (Canada)
ma tomo Wankuwa   Vancouver (Canada)
ma tomo Paki   Paris (France)
ma tomo Akajela   Cairo (Egypt)
ma tomo Mesiko   Mexico City (Mexico)
ma tomo Ele   Los Angeles (USA)
ma tomo Sanpansiko   San Francisco (USA)
ma tomo Kenpisi   Cambridge (USA, GB)
ma tomo Pasen   Boston (USA)
ma tomo Nujoka   New York City (USA)
ma tomo Polan   Portland (USA)
ma tomo Alana   Atlanta (USA)
ma tomo Putapesi   Budapest (Hungary)
ma tomo Ansetan   Amsterdam (Netherlands)
ma tomo Iwesun   Hilversum (Netherlands)
ma tomo Osaka   Osaka (Japan)
ma tomo Tokijo   Tokyo (Japan)
ma tomo Lanten   London (England)
ma tomo Peminan   Birmingham (England)
ma tomo Pesin   Beijing, Peking (China)
ma tomo Esupo   Espoo (Finland)
ma tomo Lesinki   Helsinki (Finland)
ma tomo Tanpele   Tampere (Finland)
ma tomo Tuku   Turku (Finland)
ma tomo Sene   Geneva (Switzerland)
ma tomo Kunte   Bangkok (Thailand)
ma tomo Anpu   Hamburg (Germany)
ma tomo Minsen   Munich (Germany)
ma tomo Pelin   Berlin (Germany)

Weather

kon en sewi   weather
seli li lon   it's warm or hot
lete li lon   it's cold
suno li lon   it's sunny
telo li kama   it's raining
ko lete li kama   it's snowing
telo kiwen lili li kama   it's hailing
tenpo lete   winter
tenpo seli   summer
tenpo telo   rainy season
nasin li jo e telo kiwen   the roads are icy
telo lili li lon kon   it's humid
kon sewi li jo e walo   it's cloudy
mun li sike (ale)   it's full moon
mun li pimeja (ale)   it's new moon
mun li pimeja e suno   solar eclipse
nena suli li pana e ko seli   a volcano is erupting


Toki-Pona - English Dictionary

.   separator: A declarative sentence ends with a full stop.
    Don't use a full stop before or after
    the other separators "e", "la", "li", "pi", ".", "!", "?", ":".
     
!   separator: An imperative or an interjection sentence ends with an exclamation mark.
    Don't use an exclamation mark before or after
    the other separators "e", "la", "li", "pi", ".", "!", "?", ":".
     
?   separator: An questions always ends in a question mark.
    Don't use a question mark before or after
    the other separators "e", "la", "li", "o", "pi", ".", "!", "?", ":".
:   separator: A colon is between an hint sentences and a sentences.
    Before and after the colon has to be complete sentences.
    Don't use a colon before or after
    the other separators "e", "la", "li", "pi", ".", "!", "?", ":".
     
,   separator: A comma is used after an "o" to addressing people.
    Optional you can putdone, finished, completed, ended, close a comma before a preposition.
    Don't use a comma before or after
    the separators "e", "la", "pi", ".", "!", "?", ":".
     
"   separator: Quotation marks are used for words with original spelling or for quotes.
     
a   interjection: ah, ha, uh, oh, ooh, aw, well (emotion word)
a a a!   interjection: laugh
     
...akesi   adjective: amphibian-, reptilian-, slimy
akesi   noun: reptile, amphibian; non-cute animal
     
...ala   adjective: no, not, none, un-
...ala   adjective numeral: 0
...ala   adverb: don't
ala!   interjection: no!
ala   noun: nothing, negation, zero
     
...alasa   adjective: hunting-, -hunting, hunting
alasa   noun: hunting
alasa (e ...)   verb transitive: to hunt, to forage
     
...ale   adjective: all, every, complete, whole (ale = ali), (depreciated)
...ale   adjective numeral: 100 (official Toki Pona book)
...ale   adverb: always, forever, evermore, eternally (ale = ali), (depreciated)
ale   noun: everything, anything, life, the universe, (depreciated)
...ali   adjective: all, every, complete, whole (ale = ali)
...ali   adverb: always, forever, evermore, eternally (ale = ali)
ali   noun: everything, anything, life, the universe
     
...anpa   adjective: low, lower, bottom, down
...anpa   adverb: downstairs, below, deep, low, deeply
anpa   noun: bottom, lower part, under, below, floor, beneath
anpa   verb transitive: to prostrate oneself
anpa (e ...)   verb transitive: to defeat, to beat, to vanquish, to conquer, to enslave
     
...ante   adjective: different, dissimilar, changed, other, unequal, differential
ante   noun: difference, distinction, differential, variation, variance, disagreement
ante (e ...)   verb transitive: to change, to alter, to modify
ante la ...   conditional: otherwise, on the other hand
     
...anu ...   conjunction: or (used for decision questions)
     
...awen   adjective: remaining, stationary, permanent, sedentary
...awen   adverb: still, yet
awen   noun: inertia, continuity, continuum, stay
awen   verb intransitive: to stay, to wait,to remain
awen (e ...)   verb transitive: to keep
     
...e ...   separator: An "e" introduces a direct object.
    Don't use "e" before or after
    the other separators "e", "la", "li", "pi", "o", ".", "!", "?", ":", ",".
     
...en ...   conjunction: and (used to coordinate head nouns)
     
...esun   adjective: marketable, for sale, salable, deductible
esun   noun: market, shop, fair, bazaar, business, transaction
esun (e ...)   verb transitive: to buy, to sell, to barter, to swap
     
...ijo   adjective: of something
...ijo   adverb: of something
ijo   noun: thing, something, stuff, anything, object
ijo (e ...)   verb transitive: to objectify
     
...ike   adjective: bad, negative, wrong, evil, overly complex
...ike   adverb: bad, negative, wrong, evil, overly complex
ike!   interjection: oh dear! woe! alas!
ike   noun: negativity, badness, evil
ike   verb intransitive: to be bad, to suck
ike (e ...)   verb transitive: to make bad, to worsen
ike la ...   conditional: unfortunately
     
...ilo   adjective: useful
...ilo   adverb: usefully
ilo   noun: tool, device, machine, thing used for a specific purpose
     
...insa   adjective: inner, internal
insa   noun: inside, inner world, centre, stomach
     
...jaki   adjective: dirty, gross, filthy, obscene
...jaki   adverb: dirty, gross, filthy
jaki!   interjection: ew! yuck!
jaki   noun: dirt, pollution, garbage, filth, feces
jaki (e ...)   verb transitive: to pollute, to dirty
     
...jan   adjective: human, somebody's, personal, of people
...jan   adverb: human, somebody's, personal, of people
jan   noun: person, people, human, being, somebody, anybody
jan (e ...)   verb transitive: to personify, to humanize, to personalize
     
...jelo   adjective: yellowish, yellowy
jelo   noun: yellow, light green
     
...jo   adjective: private, personal
jo   noun: having, possessions, content
jo (e ...)   verb transitive: to have, to contain
kama jo (e ...)   verb transitive: to get
     
...kala   adjective: fish-
kala   noun: fish, marine animal, sea creature
     
kalama   noun: sound, noise, voice
kalama   verb intransitive: to make noise
kalama (e ...)   verb transitive: to sound, to ring, to play (an instrument)
...kalama   adjective: noisy, loud, rowdy
     
...kama   adjective: coming, future
...kama   adverb: coming, future
kama   noun: event, happening, chance, arrival, beginning
kama   verb intransitive: to come, to become, to arrive, to happen
kama ...   verb pre: to become, to mange to
kama (e ...)   verb transitive: to bring about, to summon
     
...kasi   adjective: vegetable, vegetal, biological, biologic, leafy
kasi   noun: plant, vegetation, herb, leaf
kasi   verb intransitive: to grow
kasi (e ...)   verb transitive: to plant, to grow
     
ken   noun: possibility, ability, power to do things, permission
ken   verb intransitive: can, is able to, is allowed to, may, is possible
ken ...   verb pre: to can, may
ken (e ...)   verb transitive: to make possible, to enable, to allow, to permit
ken la ...)   conditional: maybe
     
kepeken   noun: use, usage, tool
..., kepeken ...   preposition: with
kepeken   verb intransitive: to use
kepeken ...   verb pre: to use
     
...kili   adjective: fruity
...kili   adverb: fruity
kili   noun: fruit, pulpy vegetable, mushroom
     
...kin   adjective: indeed, still, too
    kin can be the very last word in an adjective group.
...kin   adverb: actually, indeed, in fact, really, objectively,
    kin can be the very last word in an adverb group.
kin la ...   conditional: moreover, in addition, likewise
     
kipisi (e ...)   verb transitive: to cut
kipisi   noun: section, fragment, slice
     
...kiwen   adjective: hard, solid, stone-like, made of stone or metal
...kiwen   adverb: hard, solid, stone-like, made of stone or metal
kiwen   noun: hard thing, rock, stone, metal, mineral, clay
kiwen (e ...)   verb transitive: to solidify, to harden, to petrify, to fossilize
     
ko   noun: semi-solid or squishy substance; clay, dough, glue, paste, powder, gum
ko (e ...)   verb transitive: to squash, to pulverize
     
...kon   adjective: air-like, ethereal, gaseous
...kon   adverb: air-like, ethereal, gaseous
kon   noun: air, wind, smell, soul
kon   verb intransitive:: to breathe
kon   verb transitive: to blow away something, to puff away something
     
...kule   adjective: colourful, pigmented, painted
kule   noun: color, colour, paint, ink, dye, hue
kule (e ...)   verb transitive: to paint, to color
     
...kulupu   adjective: communal, shared, public, of the society
kulupu   noun: group, community, society, company, people
kulupu   verb transitive: to assemble, to call together, to convene
     
...kute   adjective: auditory, hearing
kute   noun: hearing, ear
kute (e ...)   verb transitive: to hear, to listen,
     
...la ...   separator: A "la" is between the context phrase and the main sentence.
    Don't use "la" before or after
    the other separators "e", "li", "pi", ".", "!", "?", ":", ",".
     
...lape   adjective: sleeping, of sleep, dormant
...lape   adverb: asleep
lape   noun: sleep, rest
lape   verb intransitive: to sleep, to rest
lape   verb transitive: to knock out
     
...laso   adjective: bluish, bluey
laso   noun: blue, blue-green
     
...lawa   adjective: main, leading, in charge
...lawa   adverb: main, leading, in charge
lawa   noun: head, mind
lawa (e ...)   verb transitive: to lead, to control, to rule, to steer
     
...len   adjective: dressed, clothed, costumed, dressed up
len   noun: clothing, cloth, fabric, network, internet
len (e ...)   verb transitive: to wear, to be dressed, to dress
     
...lete   adjective: cold, cool, uncooked, raw, perishing
...lete   adverb: bleakly
lete   noun: cold, chill, bleakness
lete (e ...)   verb transitive: to cool down, to chill
     
...li ...   separator: A "li" is between any subject except "mi" and "sina" and its verb.
    Don't use "li" before or after
    the other separators "e", "la", "o", "pi", ".", "!", "?", ":", ",".
     
...lili   adjective: small, little, young, a bit, short, few, less
...lili   adverb: small, little, young, a bit, short, few, less
lili   noun: smallness, youth, immaturity
lili (e ...)   verb transitive: to reduce, to shorten, to shrink, to lessen
     
...linja   adjective: elongated, oblong, long
linja   noun: long and flexible thing; string, rope, hair, thread, cord, chain, line, yarn
     
...lipu   adjective: book-, paper-, card-, ticket-, sheet-, page,-
lipu   noun: paper, book, card, ticket, sheet, (web-)page, list ; flat and bendable thing
     
...loje   adjective: reddish, ruddy, pink, pinkish, gingery
loje   noun: red
     
...lon   adjective: true, existing, correct, real, genuine
lon   noun: existence, being, presence
..., lon ...   preposition: be (located) in/at/on
lon   verb intransitive: to be there, to be present, to be real/true, to exist
     
...luka   adjective: tangible, palpable
...luka   adjective numeral: 5
luka   noun: arm, hand, tacticle organ
     
...lukin   adjective: visual(ly)
...lukin   adverb: visual(ly)
lukin   noun: view, look, glance, sight, gaze, glimpse, seeing, vision
lukin   verb intransitive: to look, to watch out, to pay attention
lukin ...   verb pre: to seek to, try to, look for
lukin (e ...)   verb transitive: to see, to look at, to watch, to read
     
lupa   noun: hole, orifice, door, window
lupa (e ...)   verb transitive: to pierce, to stab, to perforate
     
...ma   adjective: countrified, outdoor, alfresco, open-air
ma   noun: land, earth, country, (outdoor) area
     
...mama   adjective: of the parent, parental, maternal, fatherly, motherly, mumsy
mama   noun: parent, mother, father
mama (e ...)   verb transitive: to mother sb., to wet-nurse, mothering
     
...mani   adjective: financial, financially, monetary, pecuniary
...mani   adverb: financially
mani   noun: money, material wealth, currency, dollar, capital
     
...meli   adjective: female, feminine, womanly
meli   noun: woman, female, girl, wife, girlfriend
     
mi   pronoun: I, we, my, our
     
...mije   adjective: male, masculine, manly
mije   noun: man, male, husband, boyfriend
     
...moku   adjective: eating
...moku   adverb: eating
moku   noun: food, meal
moku (e ...)   verb transitive: to eat, to drink, to swallow, to ingest, to consume
     
...moli   adjective: dead, dying, fatal, deadly, lethal, mortal, deathly, killing
...moli   adverb: mortally
moli   noun: death, decease
moli   verb intransitive: to die, to be dead
moli (e ...)   verb transitive: to kill
kama moli   intransitives Verb: dieing
     
...monsi   adjective: back, rear
monsi   noun: back, rear end, butt, behind
     
...monsuta   adjective: fearful, afraid
monsuta   noun: monster, monstrosity, fearful thing, fright, mythical creatures, fear
     
...mu   adjective: animal nois-
...mu   adverb: animal nois-
mu!   interjection: woof! meow! moo! etc. (cute animal noise)
mu   noun: animal noise
mu (e ...)   verb transitive: to make animal nois
     
...mun   adjective: lunar
mun   noun: moon, lunar, night sky object, star
     
...musi   adjective: artful, fun, recreational
...musi   adverb: cheerfully
musi   noun: fun, playing, game, recreation, art, entertainment
musi   verb intransitive: to play, to have fun
musi (e ...)   verb transitive: to amuse, to entertain
     
...mute   adjective: many, very, much, several, a lot, abundant, numerous, more
...mute   adjective numeral: 20 (official Toki Pona book)
...mute   adverb: many, very, much, several, a lot, abundant, numerous, more
mute   noun: amount, quantity
mute (e ...)   verb transitive: to make many or much
     
...namako   adjective: spicy, piquant
namako   noun: spice, something extra, food additive, accessory
namako (e ...)   verb transitive: to spice, to flavor, to decorate
     
nanpa ...   adjective numeral: To build ordinal numbers.
nanpa   noun: number, numeral
nanpa (e ...)   verb transitive: to count, to reckon, to number
     
...nasa   adjective: silly, crazy, foolish, drunk, strange, stupid, weird
...nasa   adverb: silly, crazy, foolish, drunk, strange, stupid, weird
nasa   noun: stupidity, foolishness, silliness, nonsense, idiocy, obtuseness, muddler
nasa (e ...)   verb transitive: to drive crazy, to make weird
     
...nasin   adjective: systematic, habitual, customary, doctrinal
nasin   noun: way, manner, custom, road, path, doctrine, system, method
     
...nena   adjective: hilly, undulating, mountainous, hunchbacked, humpbacked, bumpy
nena   noun: bump, hill, extrusion, button, mountain, nose, protuberance
     
ni   pronoun: this, that
     
nimi   noun: word, name
nimi (e ...)   verb transitive: to name
     
...noka   adjective: foot-, lower, bottom
...noka   adverb: on foot
noka   noun: leg, foot; organ of locomotion; bottom, lower part
     
o!   interjection: hey! (calling somebody's attention)
...o, ...   interjection: adressing people
o ...!   subject: An "o" is used for imperative (commands). "o" replace the subject.
...o ...!   separator: An "o" is used for imperative (commands): "o" replace "li".
    Don't use "o" before or after the other separators "e", "li", "pi".
     
...oko   adjective: optical, eye-
oko   noun: eye
     
...olin   adjective: love
olin   noun: love
olin (e ...)   verb transitive: to love (a person)
     
ona   pronoun: she, he, it, they
     
...open   adjective: initial, starting, opening
open   noun: start, beginning, opening
open (e ...)   verb transitive: to open, to start, to begin, to turn on
open ...   verb pre: to begin, to start
open la ...   conditional: firstly, in the beginning
     
...pakala   adjective: destroyed, ruined, demolished, shattered, wrecked
...pakala   adverb: destroyed, ruined, demolished, shattered, wrecked
pakala!   interjection: damn! fuck!
pakala   noun: blunder, accident, mistake, destruction, damage, breaking
pakala   verb intransitive: to screw up, to fall apart, to break
pakala (e ...)   verb transitive: to screw up, to ruin, to break, to hurt, to injure, to damage
     
...pali   adjective: active, work-related, operating, working
...pali   adverb: actively, briskly
pali   noun: activity, work, deed, project
pali   verb intransitive: to act, to work, to function
pali (e ...)   verb transitive: to do, to make, to build, to create
     
palisa   noun: long hard thing; branch, rod, stick, pointy thing
palisa (e ...)   verb transitive: to stretch, to beat, to poke, to stab, to sexually arouse
     
pan   noun: cereal, grain; barley, corn, oat, rice, wheat; bread, pasta
pan   verb transitive: to sow
     
...pana   adjective: generous
pana   noun: giving, transfer, exchange
pana (e ...)   verb transitive: to give, to put, to send, to place, to release, to emit, to cause
     
...pi ...   separator: "pi" is used to build complex compound nouns.
    "pi" separates a (pro)noun from another (pro)noun that has at least one adjective.
    After "pi" could only be a noun or pronoun.
    Don't use "pi" before or after
    the other separators "e", "la", "li", "o", ".", "!", "?", ":".
     
...pilin   adjective: sensitive, feeling, empathic
...pilin   adverb: perceptively
pilin   noun: feelings, emotion, feel, think, sense, touch,
pilin   verb intransitive: to feel, to sense
pilin (e ...)   verb transitive: to feel, to think, to touch, to fumble, to fiddle
     
...pimeja   adjective: black, dark
pimeja   noun: darkness, shadows
pimeja (e ...)   verb transitive: to darken
     
...pini   adjective: completed, finished, past, done
...pini   adverb: ago, past, perfectly
pini   noun: end, tip
pini (e ...)   verb transitive: to end, to stop, to turn off, to finish, to close
pini ...   verb pre: to stop, to finish, to end, to interrupt
     
pipi   noun: bug, insect, spider
     
...poka   adjective: neighbouring
poka   noun: side, hip, next to
..., poka ...   preposition: in the accompaniment of, with
     
poki   noun: container, box, bowl, cup, glass
poki   verb transitive: to box up, to put in, to can, to bottle
     
...pona   adjective: good, simple, positive, nice, correct, right
...pona   adverb: good, simple, positive, nice, correct, right
pona!   interjection: great! good! thanks! OK! cool! yay!
pona   noun: good, simplicity, positivity
pona (e ...)   verb transitive: to improve, to fix, to repair, to make good
pona la ...   conditional: luckily
     
...pu   adjective: buying and interacting with the official Toki Pona book
pu   noun: buying and interacting with the official Toki Pona book
pu ...   verb pre: to buying and interacting with the official Toki Pona book
     
...sama   adjective: same, similar, equal, of equal status or position
...sama   adverb: just as, equally, exactly the same, just the same, similarly
sama   noun: equality, parity, equity, identity, par, sameness
..., sama ...   preposition: like, as, seem
sama   verb transitive: to equate, to make equal, to make similar to
     
...seli   adjective: hot, warm, cooked
...seli   adverb: hot, warm, cooked
seli   noun: fire, warmth, heat
seli (e ...)   verb transitive: to heat, to warm up, to cook
     
selo   noun: skin, outer form, bark, peel, shell, skin, boundary, shape
selo   verb transitive: to shelter, to protect, to guard
     
seme   question word: what, which, wh- (question word)
     
...sewi   adjective: superior, elevated, religious, formal
...sewi   adverb: superior, elevated, religious, formal
sewi   noun: high, up, above, top, over, on
sewi   verb intransitive: to get up
sewi (e ...)   verb transitive: to lift
     
...sijelo   adjective: physical, bodily, corporal, corporeal, material, carnal
...sijelo   adverb: physically, bodily
sijelo   noun: body (of person or animal), physical state, torso
sijelo (e ...)   verb transitive: to heal, to heal up, to cure
     
...sike   adjective: round, cyclical, of one year
...sike   adverb: rotated
sike   noun: circle, ball, cycle, sphere, wheel; round or circular thing
sike (e ...)   verb transitive: to orbit, to circle, to revolve, to circle around, to rotate
     
...sin   adjective: new, fresh, another, more
...sin   adverb: regenerative
sin   noun: news, novelty, innovation, newness, new release
sin (e ...)   verb transitive: to renew, to renovate, to freshen
     
sina   pronoun: you, yours
     
...sinpin   adjective: facial, frontal, anterior, vertical
sinpin   noun: face, foremost, front, wall, chest, torso
     
...sitelen   adjective: figurative, pictorial, metaphorical, metaphorisch
...sitelen   adverb: pictorially
sitelen   noun: picture, image, representation, symbol, mark, writing
sitelen (e ...)   verb transitive: to draw, to write
     
...sona   adjective: knowing, cognizant, shrewd
sona   noun: knowledge, wisdom, intelligence, understanding
sona   verb intransitive: to know, to understand
sona ...   verb pre: to know how to
sona (e ...)   verb transitive: to know, to understand, to know how to
kama sona (e ...)   transitives Verb: to learn, to study
     
...soweli   adjective: animal
soweli   noun: animal, especially land mammal, lovable animal, beast
     
...suli   adjective: big, tall, long, adult, important
...suli   adverb: big, tall, long, adult, important
suli   noun: size
suli (e ...)   verb transitive: to enlarge, to lengthen
     
...suno   adjective: sunny, sunnily
...suno   adverb: sunny, sunnily
suno   noun: sun, light
suno (e ...)   verb transitive: to light, to illumine
     
...supa   adjective: flat, shallow, flat-bottomed, horizontal
supa   noun: horizontal surface, e.g furniture, table, chair, pillow, floor
     
...suwi   adjective: sweet, cute
suwi   noun: candy, sweet food
suwi (e ...)   verb transitive: to sweeten
     
...tan   adjective: causal,
tan   noun: origin, cause
..., tan ...   preposition: from, by, because of, since
tan   verb intransitive: to come from, originate from, come out of
     
...taso   adjective: only, sole
...taso   adverb: only, just, merely, simply, solely, singly
taso ...   conjunction: but, however
     
...tawa   adjective: moving, mobile
...tawa   adverb: moving, mobile
tawa   noun: movement, transportation
..., tawa ...   preposition: to, in order to, towards, for, until
tawa   verb intransitive: go to, walk, travel, move, leave
tawa (e ...)   verb transitive: to move, to displace
     
...telo   adjective: wett, slobbery, moist, damp, humid, sticky, sweaty, dewy, drizzly
...telo   adverb: wett, slobbery, moist, damp, humid, sticky, sweaty, dewy, drizzly
telo   noun: water, liquid, juice, sauce
telo (e ...)   verb transitive: to water, to wash with water, to put water to, to melt, to liquify
     
...tenpo   adjective: temporal, chronological, chronologic
...tenpo   adverb: chronologically
tenpo   noun: time, period of time, moment, duration, situation, occasion
     
...toki   adjective: speaking, eloquent, linguistic, verbal, grammatical
...toki   adverb: speaking, eloquent, linguistic, verbal, grammatical
toki!   interjection: hello, hi, good morning,
toki   noun: language, speech, tongue, lingo, jargon,
toki   verb intransitive: to talk, to chat, to communicate
toki (e ...)   verb transitive: to speak, to talk, to say, to pronounce, to discourse
     
...tomo   adjective: urban, domestic, household
...tomo   adverb: urban, domestic, household
tomo   noun: indoor constructed space, e.g. house, home, room, building
tomo   verb transitive: to build, to construct, to engineer
     
...tu   adjective numeral: 2
tu   noun: duo, pair
tu (e ...)   verb transitive: to divide, to double, to separate, to cut in two
     
...unpa   adjective: erotic, sexual
...unpa   adverb: erotic, sexual
unpa   noun: sex, sexuality
unpa   verb intransitive: to have sex
unpa (e ...)   verb transitive: to have sex with, to sleep with, to fuck
     
...uta   adjective: oral
...uta   adverb: orally
uta   noun: mouth, lips, oral cavity, jaw, beak
uta (e ...)   verb transitive: to kiss, to osculate, to oral stimulate, to suck
     
...utala   adjective: fighting
...utala   adverb: fighting
utala   noun: conflict, disharmony, fight, war, battle, attack, violence
utala (e ...)   verb transitive: to hit, to strike, to attack, to compete against
     
...walo   adjective: white, whitish, light-coloured, pale
walo   noun: white thing or part, whiteness, lightness
walo (e ...)   verb transitive: to whiten, to whitewash
     
...wan   adjective numeral: 1
wan   noun: unit, element, particle, part, piece
wan (e ...)   verb transitive: to unite, to make one
     
...waso   adjective: bird-
waso   noun: bird, bat; flying creature, winged animal
     
...wawa   adjective: energetic, strong, fierce, intense, sure, confident
...wawa   adverb: strongly, powerfully
wawa   noun: energy, strength, power
wawa (e ...)   verb transitive: to strengthen, to energize, to empower
     
...weka   adjective: absent, away, ignored
weka   noun: absence
weka (e ...)   verb transitive: to remove, to eliminate, to throw away, to get rid of
     
wile   noun: desire, need, will
wile ...   verb pre: to want, need, wish, have to, must, will, should
wile (e ...)   verb transitive: to want, need, wish, have to, must, will, should

Bibliography

1
Michael F.
jan sewi li lon tan seme?

http://failbluedot.com/toki_pona/.

2
Paul Goguen.
sike tu li pona.

http://tokipona.net/tp/janpije/music.php.

3
jan Kulisa.
sina suno mi.

https://soundcloud.com/christa-hansberry/sina-suno-mi.

4
jan Mali.
Heads, shoulders, knees and toes.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHvtu1FZkYY.

5
jan Mali.
Learn toki pona in a fortnight.

https://www.youtube.com/user/astrodonunt/videos.

6
jan Ote.
o lukin!

http://olukin.blogspot.de/.

7
jan Ote.
soweli toki.

http://soweli.blogspot.de/.

8
B. J. Knight.
toki pona - lessons.

http://tokipona.net/tp/janpije/.

9
Marta Krzeminska.
ale li pona.

https://alelipona.wordpress.com/.

10
Marta Krzeminska.
You Tube.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=durtjjf87dY.

11
Sonja Lang.
toki pona - offical book and website.

http://www.tokipona.org.

12
memrise.com.
memrise.

http://www.memrise.com/courses/english/toki-pona/.

13
tokipona.net.
tokipona.net.

http://tokipona.net/tp/Transliterate.aspx.

14
Robert Warnke.
toki pona - Lessons.

http://rowa.giso.de/languages/toki-pona/.

Index

0
Vocabulary
1
Vocabulary
100
Vocabulary
2
Vocabulary
20
Vocabulary
42
Other Uses of wan
5
Vocabulary
a
Vocabulary
akesi
Vocabulary | waso
ala
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
ijo
Negation
adjective
Negation
negation
Vocabulary
alasa
Vocabulary | moli
ali
Vocabulary | Negation | Vocabulary
ijo
ali
anpa
Vocabulary | poka
noun
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
verb
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
ante
Vocabulary
anu
Vocabulary
conjunction
The conjunctions anu and
or what
anu
question
The conjunctions anu and
awen
Vocabulary
e
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
ni
Using lon with wile
wile
Direct objects using e
compound sentences
Direct objects using e | en
multiple
en
en
Vocabulary
color
jelo, laso, loje, pimeja
conjunction
anu
esun
Miscellaneous
ijo
Vocabulary
ala
Negation
ali
ali
ike
Adjectives and Adverbs
ilo
Vocabulary
insa
Vocabulary | poka
noun
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
jaki
Adjectives and Adverbs
jan
Vocabulary
seme
What / Where -
jelo
Vocabulary
jo
Vocabulary
kala
Vocabulary | akesi
kalama
Vocabulary | Miscellaneous
musi
Miscellaneous
seme
Miscellaneous
kama
Vocabulary | Ambiguity of tawa
moli
pan and namako
tawa
Ambiguity of tawa
verb
kama as a transitive
kasi
Vocabulary | pipi
ken
Vocabulary
la
la
kepeken
Vocabulary
preposition
Using lon with wile
verb
Using lon with wile
kili
Vocabulary
kin
Vocabulary | taso as adverb
kipisi
Vocabulary
kiwen
Vocabulary
ko
Vocabulary | Bodily Fluids and Wastes
kon
Vocabulary
kule
Vocabulary
seme
Using colors with pi
noun
kule
verb
kule
kulupu
Vocabulary
kute
Vocabulary | Bodily Fluids and Wastes
la
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
ken
la
tenpo
la Preceded by a
if
Time and la
time
la Preceded by a
when
Time and la
lape
Vocabulary
laso
Vocabulary
lawa
Adjectives and Adverbs
len
Adjectives and Adverbs
lete
Vocabulary | kin
mute
Temperature and pilin
li
Vocabulary | The Lack of the
li ike tawa mi
Using tawa to mean
li pona tawa mi
Using tawa to mean
compound sentences
Direct objects using e | en
multiple
en
lili
Adjectives and Adverbs
kin
Use mute. Conserve the
mute
Use mute. Conserve the | Use mute. Conserve the
linja
Vocabulary
lipu
Vocabulary
loje
Vocabulary
lon
Vocabulary
wile
lon
preposition
Transitive Verbs vs. Intransitive
verb
Transitive Verbs vs. Intransitive
luka
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
lukin
Vocabulary
lupa
Vocabulary
ma
Vocabulary
sitelen
sitelen
mama
Vocabulary
mani
Vocabulary
meli
Vocabulary
mi
Vocabulary | The Ambiguity of Toki
subject
The Ambiguity of Toki | The Lack of the
mije
Vocabulary
moku
Vocabulary
moli
Vocabulary | pan and namako
kama
pan and namako
monsi
Vocabulary | poka
noun
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
monsuta
alasa
mu
Vocabulary
mun
Vocabulary
musi
Vocabulary
kalama
Miscellaneous
mute
Adjectives and Adverbs | Vocabulary | Cardinal Numbers
kin
Use mute. Conserve the
lete
Temperature and pilin
lili
Use mute. Conserve the | Use mute. Conserve the
mute
Use mute. Conserve the
seli
Temperature and pilin
namako
Vocabulary | kasi
nanpa
Vocabulary
nasa
Adjectives and Adverbs
nasin
Vocabulary
seme
kalama
nena
Vocabulary
ni
Vocabulary
e
Using lon with wile
nimi
Vocabulary
noka
Vocabulary
noun
anpa
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
insa
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
monsi
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
poka
tan
sewi
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
o
Vocabulary
addressing people
Unofficial words
command
Addressing People
oko
Vocabulary
olin
Vocabulary | sin
ona
Vocabulary
open
Vocabulary
pakala
Vocabulary
pali
Vocabulary
palisa
Vocabulary
pan
Vocabulary | kasi
pana
Vocabulary
pi
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
color
jelo, laso, loje, pimeja
mistake
Several pi-Phrases for one
opposite
pi and possessives
possessive
Compound words with pi
pronoun
plural
pi and possessives
separate nouns
pi separates a noun
pilin
Vocabulary
feeling
Temperature and pilin
temperature
kin
pimeja
Vocabulary
pini
Vocabulary
pipi
Vocabulary | Vocabulary | kala
poka
Vocabulary | tan | poka
noun
tan
poki
Vocabulary
pona
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
sama
Vocabulary
same
Vocabulary
seli
Adjectives and Adverbs | kin
mute
Temperature and pilin
selo
Vocabulary
seme
Vocabulary
jan
What / Where -
kalama
Miscellaneous
nasin
kalama
tan
Which
question
Vocabulary
sewi
Adjectives and Adverbs | Vocabulary | poka
noun
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
sijelo
Vocabulary
sike
Vocabulary
sin
Vocabulary | suwi
sina
Vocabulary | The Ambiguity of Toki
subject
The Ambiguity of Toki | The Lack of the
sinpin
Vocabulary
sitelen
Vocabulary | sitelen
ma
sitelen
sona
Vocabulary
soweli
Vocabulary | Ambiguity of Names of
suli
Vocabulary
suno
Vocabulary
supa
Vocabulary | Miscellaneous
suwi
Vocabulary | supa
tan
Vocabulary
seme
Which
nounn
tan
preposition
sama
taso
Vocabulary
adjective
taso as conjunction
adverb
taso as adjective
conjunction
en
tawa
Vocabulary
kama
Ambiguity of tawa
adjective
Using tawa to mean
for
Using tawa to mean
preposition
Using kepeken as a
to
tawa as a transitive
verb
Using kepeken as a | Using tawa as a
telo
Vocabulary
tenpo
Vocabulary
la
la Preceded by a
toki
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
tomo
Adjectives and Adverbs
tu
Vocabulary
other uses
Ordinal Numbers
unpa
Vocabulary
uta
Vocabulary
utala
Adjectives and Adverbs
walo
Vocabulary
wan
Vocabulary
other uses
Ordinal Numbers
waso
Vocabulary | soweli
wawa
Vocabulary
weka
Vocabulary | Miscellaneous
adjective
Miscellaneous
adverb
Miscellaneous
wile
Vocabulary
e
Direct objects using e
lon
lon
a lot
Adjectives and Adverbs
abdomen
Body Parts
about
mistake
pi
Several pi-Phrases for one
above
Vocabulary
accident
Vocabulary
activity
Vocabulary
addressing
o
Unofficial words
addressing people
Unofficial words
adjective
Vocabulary
ala
Negation
taso
taso as conjunction
tawa
Using tawa to mean
weka
Miscellaneous
combination
Adjectives
comparative
Expressing if/when with la
more than one
Adjectives
mute
Adjectives
ni
Adjectives
numbers
Cardinal Numbers
superlative
Expressing if/when with la
adult
Adjectives
adverb
Possessives
taso
taso as adjective
weka
Miscellaneous
separate
Vocabulary
age
Time and la
air
Vocabulary
airplane
Using tawa to mean
alcohol
Adjectives | pi separates a noun
all
Vocabulary
alligator
waso
Alphabet
Pronunciation and the Alphabet
also
taso as adverb
among
Vocabulary
amphibian
Vocabulary | waso
amuse
Vocabulary
and
Vocabulary | anu
animal
live in water
Vocabulary
sound
Vocabulary
another
Vocabulary | suwi
answering
question
yes,no
Yes/No Questions
ant
kala
anything
Vocabulary
arm
Vocabulary | Body Parts
arse
Body Parts
at
Vocabulary
atmosphere
Vocabulary
attention
a person
Unofficial words
attractive
Adjectives | supa
away
Vocabulary
back
Vocabulary
backside
Body Parts
bad
Adjectives and Adverbs
ball
Vocabulary
bar
pi separates a noun
barley
Vocabulary
bat
Vocabulary | soweli
battle
Adjectives and Adverbs
be
The Ambiguity of Toki
at
Vocabulary
in
Vocabulary
on
Vocabulary
be able to
Vocabulary
because of
Vocabulary
bed
Miscellaneous
beef
Ambiguity of Names of
beer
Adjectives
begin
Vocabulary
behind
Vocabulary
bicycle
ma ante
big
Vocabulary
bird
Vocabulary | soweli
birthday
Time and la
black
Vocabulary
block
Vocabulary
blood
Body Parts
blue
Vocabulary
boat
Using tawa to mean
body
Vocabulary
fluids
Body Parts
parts
Vocabulary
wastes
Body Parts
bowl
Vocabulary
box
Vocabulary
boyfriend
Vocabulary
breast
Body Parts
brother
Gender
bug
Vocabulary | Vocabulary | kala
building
Adjectives and Adverbs
bum
Body Parts
bump
Vocabulary
buns
Body Parts
burn
Adjectives and Adverbs
but
Vocabulary
butt
Body Parts
Bye
Interjections
can
Vocabulary
candy
Vocabulary | supa
car
Using tawa to mean
cause
Vocabulary | kama as a transitive | Vocabulary
chair
Miscellaneous
chat room
Adjectives
chest
Vocabulary | Body Parts
child
Adjectives
choice
anu
The conjunctions anu and
circle
Vocabulary
city
Adjectives | Unofficial words
clauses
Using tawa to mean
closeby
Miscellaneous
clothing
Adjectives and Adverbs
cold
Vocabulary | kin
color
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
en
jelo, laso, loje, pimeja
pi
jelo, laso, loje, pimeja
combination
Vocabulary
separate
jelo, laso, loje, pimeja
what
Using colors with pi
come
Vocabulary
command
Addressing People
o
Addressing People
community
Vocabulary
company of
Vocabulary
comparative
Expressing if/when with la
complicated
Adjectives and Adverbs
conference room
Adjectives
conjunction
Vocabulary
anu
Vocabulary
en
Vocabulary
taso
Vocabulary | en
connect
objects
en
Consonants
Pronunciation and the Alphabet
construction
Adjectives and Adverbs
container
Vocabulary
cookie
Vocabulary
cool
Vocabulary | Commands
country
Vocabulary
name of
Gender
crazy
Adjectives and Adverbs
cup
Vocabulary
currency
Vocabulary
cut
Vocabulary
cute
Vocabulary | supa
d-mm
Commands
dark
Vocabulary
day
Time and la
dead
pan and namako
death
Vocabulary
deep
Vocabulary
defeat
Vocabulary | The Spatial Nouns anpa,
desire
Vocabulary
destroy
Vocabulary
device
Vocabulary
dictionary
Toki-Pona - English Dictionary
thematic
Thematic Vocabulary
die
Vocabulary
different
Vocabulary
dinosaur
waso
dirty
Adjectives and Adverbs
distant
Miscellaneous
divide
Vocabulary
do
Vocabulary
doctrine
Vocabulary
door
Vocabulary
draw
Vocabulary | sitelen
drink
Vocabulary
drunk
Adjectives and Adverbs | Time and la
dying
pan and namako
ear
Body Parts
eat
Vocabulary
eliminate
Vocabulary
emit
Vocabulary
end
Vocabulary
enemy
Adjectives
energy
Vocabulary
Enjoy your meal
Interjections
esun
Vocabulary
everything
Vocabulary
evil
Adjectives and Adverbs
exist
Vocabulary
extrusion
Vocabulary
eye
Vocabulary | Body Parts
f-ck
Commands
face
Body Parts
far
Miscellaneous
father
Gender
feces
Body Parts
feel
Vocabulary
feeling
pilin
Temperature and pilin
happy
Temperature and pilin
sad
Temperature and pilin
female
Vocabulary
fight
Adjectives and Adverbs
fish
Vocabulary | akesi
five
Vocabulary
fix
Vocabulary
flower
pipi
flying animal
soweli
food
Vocabulary
foot
Vocabulary | Body Parts
for
Vocabulary
forest
pipi
fork
Adjectives
freeze
Vocabulary
fruit
Vocabulary
fun
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
fungi
pipi
furniture
Vocabulary
future
Time and la
game
Vocabulary
gather
Vocabulary
gecko
waso
gender
Vocabulary
get
kama as a transitive
get rid of
Miscellaneous
girlfriend
Vocabulary
give
Vocabulary
glass
Vocabulary
gloves
Body Parts
glue
Vocabulary
go
Vocabulary
god
Adjectives
good
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
Good bye
Interjections
Good day
Interjections
grass
pipi
green
Vocabulary
grey
Vocabulary
ground
Vocabulary
group
Vocabulary
Hahaha
Commands
hair
Vocabulary | Body Parts
hand
Vocabulary | Body Parts
happen
Vocabulary
happy
Temperature and pilin
have
Vocabulary
Have fun
Interjections
he
Vocabulary
head
Adjectives and Adverbs | Body Parts
headlines
comparative and superlative
hear
Vocabulary
heat
kin
helicopter
Using tawa to mean
Hello
Commands
hemp
pipi
here
Practice 6 (Answers: Page [*])
hey
Vocabulary
high
Adjectives and Adverbs | Vocabulary
hill
Vocabulary
hind end
Body Parts
hip
Vocabulary | Body Parts
hole
Vocabulary
hot
Adjectives and Adverbs | kin
house
Adjectives and Adverbs
how
kalama
old
Time and la
hunt
Vocabulary
husband
Vocabulary
I
Vocabulary
I like
Using tawa to mean
if
la
Time and la
iguana
waso
image
Vocabulary | sitelen
imperative
Vocabulary
important
Vocabulary
in
Vocabulary
indeed
Vocabulary | taso as adverb
insect
Vocabulary
inside
Vocabulary
intense
Vocabulary
interjection
Commands
laughter
Commands
of an animal
Commands
it
Vocabulary
jungle
pipi
kill
Vocabulary
knife
Adjectives
know how
Vocabulary
land
Vocabulary
language
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
languages
name of
Gender
last night
Time and la
laughter
Commands
lazy
Negation
leader
Adjectives
leading
Adjectives and Adverbs
leaf
pipi
leg
Vocabulary | Body Parts
let's go
Commands
light
Vocabulary
like
I like
Using tawa to mean
line
Vocabulary
liquid
Vocabulary
little
Adjectives and Adverbs
lizard
waso
long
Vocabulary
look at
Vocabulary
love
Vocabulary | sin
lover
Adjectives
low
Vocabulary
lower
Vocabulary
lunar
Vocabulary
machine
Vocabulary
main
Adjectives and Adverbs
maize
Vocabulary
make
Vocabulary
male
Vocabulary
mammal
Vocabulary | Ambiguity of Names of
man
Vocabulary
name of
Gender
many
Adjectives and Adverbs
map
sitelen
marketplace
Vocabulary
marry
Other Uses of wan
maybe
la
me
Vocabulary
meat
Ambiguity of Names of
mermaid
akesi
mess up
Vocabulary
method
Vocabulary
mistake
pi
Several pi-Phrases for one
mittens
Body Parts
money
Vocabulary
monster
waso
moon
Vocabulary
more
Vocabulary | suwi
mother
Gender
motion picture
sitelen
mouth
Vocabulary | Body Parts
move
Vocabulary
movie
sitelen
mud
Adjectives
multiple
e
en
li
en
name
Vocabulary
of a country
Gender
of a languages
Gender
of a man
Gender
of a nation
Gender
of a person
Gender
of a religion
Gender
of a woman
Gender
nasty
Adjectives and Adverbs
nation
name of
Gender
nearby
Vocabulary
neck
Body Parts
need
Vocabulary
negation
Vocabulary
new
Vocabulary
night
Time and la
last
Time and la
no
Yes/No Questions
noise
Vocabulary | Vocabulary | Miscellaneous
none
Vocabulary
nose
Body Parts
not
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
nothing
Vocabulary
noun
kule
kule
compound
Vocabulary
separate nouns with pi
pi separates a noun
nounn
tan
tan
number
Vocabulary
adjective
Cardinal Numbers
cardinal
Use Numbers Sparingly!
higher
Use Numbers Sparingly!
ordinal
Use mute. Conserve the
object
connect
en
direct
Vocabulary
what
What - Subject
of
Vocabulary
often
Time and la
old
Time and la
on
Vocabulary
one
Vocabulary
only
Vocabulary
open
Vocabulary
opposite
pi
pi and possessives
or
Vocabulary
orifice
Vocabulary
other
Vocabulary
outside area
Vocabulary
ownership
Vocabulary
page
Vocabulary
paint
Vocabulary | kule
pants
Body Parts
paper
Vocabulary
parent
Vocabulary
past
Time and la
pause
Vocabulary
penis
Body Parts
person
addressing
Unofficial words
attention
Unofficial words
name of
Gender
pi
several
Opposites with pi and
picture
Vocabulary | sitelen
motion
sitelen
plant
Vocabulary
plural
Vocabulary
pronoun
pi
pi and possessives
pointy thing
Vocabulary
pork
Ambiguity of Names of
possession
Vocabulary
pi
Compound words with pi
possessive
Adjectives
pi
Compound words with pi
possibility
Vocabulary
powder
Vocabulary
power
Vocabulary
preposition
Prepositions, Transitive and Intransitive | Other Prepositions and Spatial
kepeken
Using lon with wile
tan
sama
tawa
Using kepeken as a
lon
Transitive Verbs vs. Intransitive
present
Time and la
pretty
Adjectives | Adjectives
pronoun
Adjectives
mi
Adjectives
pi
pi and possessives
sina
Adjectives
Pronunciation
Pronunciation and the Alphabet
prostitute
Adjectives
pub
pi separates a noun
purple
Vocabulary
question
anu
The conjunctions anu and
seme
Vocabulary
choice
The conjunctions anu and
trick
Who(m)
yes,no
ali
answering
Yes/No Questions
rear
Vocabulary
reason
Vocabulary
red
Vocabulary
region
Vocabulary
release
Vocabulary
religion
name of
Gender
remaining
Vocabulary
remove
Vocabulary | Miscellaneous
repair
Vocabulary
reptile
Vocabulary | waso
restroom
Adjectives | pi separates a noun
rice
Vocabulary
roach
kala
road
Vocabulary
rock
Vocabulary
rod
Vocabulary
roof
Vocabulary
sad
Temperature and pilin
same
Vocabulary
see
Vocabulary
semen
Body Parts
semi-solid substance
Vocabulary
send
Vocabulary
sentence
compound
Direct objects using e | en
e
Direct objects using e
li
Direct objects using e
e
en
li
en
separate
adverb
Vocabulary
sex
Vocabulary
sexual
Vocabulary
sexy
supa
she
Vocabulary
sheet
Vocabulary
ship
Using tawa to mean
shoe
Body Parts
show
TV
sitelen
shrub
pipi
side
Vocabulary
sidekick
Adjectives
sight
Vocabulary
silly
Adjectives and Adverbs
similar
Vocabulary
simple
Vocabulary
singular
Vocabulary
sister
Gender
skin
Vocabulary | Body Parts
sky
Adjectives and Adverbs | Vocabulary
sleep
Vocabulary
Sleep well
Interjections
snake
waso
society
Vocabulary
sofa
Miscellaneous
soldier
Adjectives
something
Vocabulary
soon
Time and la
sound
Vocabulary | Miscellaneous
animal
Vocabulary
speak
Vocabulary
sperm
Body Parts
spice
Vocabulary
spider
Vocabulary | kala
spirit
Vocabulary
split
Other Uses of wan
spoon
Adjectives
square
Vocabulary
stairs
Vocabulary
still
Vocabulary | taso as adverb
stomach
Vocabulary
stone
Vocabulary
stop
Vocabulary
store
Vocabulary | Miscellaneous
strange
Adjectives and Adverbs
strong
Vocabulary
stuff
Vocabulary
stupid
Adjectives and Adverbs
subject
mi
The Ambiguity of Toki | The Lack of the
sina
The Ambiguity of Toki | The Lack of the
what
Vocabulary
substance
semi-solid
Vocabulary
sun
Vocabulary
superior
Adjectives and Adverbs
superlative
Expressing if/when with la
supermarket
Miscellaneous
surface
Vocabulary
swamp
Adjectives
sweet
Vocabulary | supa
table
Miscellaneous
talk
Vocabulary
tall
Vocabulary
teeth
Body Parts
temperature
pilin
kin
testicle
Body Parts
that
Vocabulary
The Meaning of Life
Other Uses of wan
them
Adjectives
thematic
dictionary
Thematic Vocabulary
vocabulary
Thematic Vocabulary
there
Practice 6 (Answers: Page [*])
they
Adjectives
thing
Vocabulary
think
Vocabulary | Other uses of pilin
this
Vocabulary
ticket
Vocabulary
time
Vocabulary
la
la Preceded by a
to
tawa
tawa as a transitive
today
Time and la
tomorrow
Time and la
tonight
Time and la
too
Vocabulary
tool
Vocabulary
top
Vocabulary
town
Adjectives
trash
Adjectives and Adverbs
travel
ali
tree
pipi
trick
e ni
Using lon with wile
question
Who(m)
turn off
Vocabulary
turn on
Vocabulary
turtle
waso
TV show
sitelen
two
Vocabulary
ugly
Adjectives
undress
Miscellaneous
unite
Vocabulary | Other Uses of wan
unofficial words
Gender
urine
Body Parts
us
Adjectives
using
Vocabulary
vagina
Body Parts
vegetable
Vocabulary
verb
anpa
The Spatial Nouns anpa,
kama
kama as a transitive
kepeken
Using lon with wile
kule
kule
lon
Transitive Verbs vs. Intransitive
tawa
Using kepeken as a | Using tawa as a
tu
Ordinal Numbers
wan
Ordinal Numbers
to be
The Ambiguity of Toki
victim
Adjectives
vision
Vocabulary
vocabulary
thematic
Thematic Vocabulary
vocative
Vocabulary
Vowels
Consonants (9)
wait
Vocabulary
wall
Vocabulary
want
Vocabulary
war
Adjectives and Adverbs
warm
Adjectives and Adverbs
water
Vocabulary
water room
pi separates a noun
way
Vocabulary
we
Adjectives
wedding
Other Uses of wan
weed
pipi
weird
Adjectives and Adverbs
Welcome
Interjections
what
Vocabulary
anu
anu
color
Using colors with pi
object
What - Subject
or what
anu
subject
Vocabulary
when
la
Time and la
where
object
What - Subject
which
Vocabulary | Who(m)
white
Vocabulary
who
What / Where -
whom
What / Where -
why
Which
wife
Vocabulary
wind
Vocabulary
window
Vocabulary
wine
Adjectives
wisdom
Vocabulary
with
Vocabulary | Vocabulary
woman
Vocabulary
name of
Gender
word
Vocabulary
words
unofficial
Gender
work
Vocabulary
write
Vocabulary | sitelen | sitelen
yay
Vocabulary
year
Time and la
yellow
Vocabulary
yes
Yes/No Questions
yes,no
question
ali
yesterday
Time and la
you
Vocabulary


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